Apostasy

Summary:


Punishment by death for apostasy from Islam is firmly rooted in Islam's foundational texts -- both the Koran (verses such as 2:217, 4:89, and their classical exegesis by renowned Koranic commentators such as Qurtubi, Baydawi, Ibn Kathir, and Suyuti) and the hadith (i.e., collections of the putative words and deeds of the Muslim prophet Muhammad, as compiled by pious Muslim transmitters), as well as the sacred Islamic Law (the Shari'a). For example, Muhammad is reported to have said "Kill him who changes his religion," in hadith collections of both Bukhari and Abu Dawud. There is also a consensus by all four schools of Sunni Islamic jurisprudence (i.e., Maliki, Hanbali,  Hanafi, and Shafi'i), as well as Shi'ite jurists, that apostates from Islam must be put to death. Averroes (d. 1198), the renowned philosopher and scholar of the natural sciences, who was also an important Maliki jurist, provided this typical Muslim legal opinion on the punishment for apostasy:

"An apostate...is to be executed by agreement in the case of a man, because of the words of the Prophet, ‘Slay those who change their din [religion]'...Asking the apostate to repent was stipulated as a condition...prior to his execution."

The contemporary (i.e., 1991) Al-Azhar (Cairo) Islamic Research Academy endorsed manual of Islamic Law, 'Umdat al-Salik (pp. 595-96) states:


 

"Leaving Islam is the ugliest form of unbelief (kufr) and the worst.... When a person who has reached puberty and is sane voluntarily apostasizes from Islam, he deserves to be killed. In such a case, it is obligatory...to ask him to repent and return to Islam. If he does it is accepted from him, but if he refuses, he is immediately killed."


 

http://www.americanthinker.com/articles/2009/09/apostasy_and_the_islamic_natio.html

http://www.thereligionofpeace.com/pages/quran/apostasy.aspx

http://islamicsupremacism.com/Islamic_Supremacism/A_Classic_Jurist_From_Each_of_the_5_Schools_files/Averroes%20.pdf

 

Type: Article

ECHR Judgement Summary: "sharia law is incompatible with democracy and human rights"

Source: “Annual Report 2003 of the European Court of Human Rights, Council of Europe”

Type: Link

Type: News

Country: 
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the)
News Date: 
16/02/2017
Summary: 

Father-of-two Faisal Bashir has called on police to do more to tackle hatred coming from Muslim communities after harassment drove him from his home when he left Islam. Mr.

Country: 
Mauritania
News Date: 
14/11/2016
Summary: 

A body of Muslim clerics in Mauritania has called for the death sentence to be carried out against a blogger convicted of apostasy in 2014. Mauritania, an Islamic republic, has not applied a death penalty since 1987. The Forum of Imams and Ulemas says Mohamed Ould Cheikh Ould Mkhaitir, 29, should be executed despite the fact that he repented for an article criticising Mauritania's caste system. The clerics want him to be killed according to the "law of God".

Country: 
Mauritania
News Date: 
02/02/2017
Summary: 

A Mauritanian court will re-examine the case of a young blogger, Mohamed Cheikh Ould M'khaitir, who is facing execution following his death sentence for "apostasy" – the abandonment of Islam. In a case that has shaken the nation, the young Mauritanian blogger and engineer was sentenced to death for apostasy in December 2014 over the publication a year earlier of an article entitled "Religion, Religiosity and Craftsmen" on the Aqlam Horra news website.

Country: 
France
News Date: 
04/11/2016
Summary: 

A Kurdish church leader smuggled to Britain says he received death threats – for having left Islam for Christianity – while living in makeshift camps in northern France. The refugee did not wish to be identified since he is regarded in Islamic theology as an apostate. The price for converting to Christianity from Islam is death in Sharia states all over the Middle East and North Africa. It is unsurprising that this convert was arrested and beaten in the streets in Kurdistan; he was also preached about in a mosque there, and his father tried to kill him.

Country: 
Germany
News Date: 
20/10/2016
Summary: 

“The documented cases confirm that the situation of Christian refugees in German refugee shelters is still unbearable. As a minority they are discriminated against, beaten up by and receive death threats from Muslim refugees and partly by the Muslim staff (securities, interpreters, volunteers) on grounds of their religion.”

But…but…”Islamophobia”!

Country: 
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the)
News Date: 
04/10/2016
Summary: 

Young Muslims who abandon their faith face violent retaliation and abuse from their families, a support group said yesterday.

The Council of Ex-Muslims of Britain said those born into the religion are often frightened of speaking out – and those that do are in danger of attack.

Country: 
Sudan (the)
News Date: 
14/09/2014
Summary: 

Christian mother who faced death sentence in Sudan after being accused of abandoning Islam says she was read the Koran in prison in an attempt to convert her

Country: 
Australia
News Date: 
01/10/2016
Summary: 

“They wish you would disbelieve as they disbelieved so you would be alike. So do not take from among them allies until they emigrate for the cause of Allah. But if they turn away, then seize them and kill them wherever you find them and take not from among them any ally or helper.” (Qur’an 4:89)

A hadith depicts Muhammad saying: “Whoever changed his Islamic religion, then kill him” (Bukhari 9.84.57). The death penalty for apostasy is part of Islamic law according to all the schools of Islamic jurisprudence.

Country: 
Uganda
News Date: 
28/09/2016
Summary: 

Jihad Watch recently ran a feature: “The price of converting to Christianity from Islam”. Listed among the high costs was the loss of the former Muslim’s family. Well, this story below illustrates an actual case of what happened to a 21-year-old Ugandan, Fatuma Baluka, who converted to Christianity and dared to go to church.After being accused of being an infidel, Baluka explained that she has become “an enemy” to her husband and that her Muslim parents “will not receive” her either.

Country: 
Egypt
News Date: 
24/07/2007
Summary: 

Egypt's top cleric yesterday denied in a statement that he had said a Muslim can give up his faith without punishment. The mufti of Egypt, was quoted as saying in a posting on a Washington Post-Newsweek forum that Muslims are free to change their faith and this is a matter between an individual and God. "What I actually said is that Islam prohibits a Muslim from changing his religion and that apostasy is a crime, which must be punished," he said.

Country: 
Ethiopia
News Date: 
22/09/2016
Summary: 

NAIROBI, Kenya (Morning Star News) – A woman in Ethiopia had been a Christian for six weeks when her husband found out and beat her for leaving Islam, sources said.

Type: Opinion

Summary: 
  • Swiss authorities are currently investigating 480 suspected jihadists in the country.

  • "Radical imams always preached in the An-Nur Mosque... Those responsible are fanatics. It is no coincidence that so many young people from Winterthur wanted to do jihad." — Saïda Keller-Messahli, president of Forum for a Progressive Islam.

  • Switzerland is the answer to those who claim that Islamic terrorism is reserved for those countries that have participated in operations against ISIS or other Muslim terror organizations. Switzerland has done neither, yet its flag figured among sixty other enemy flags shown in an ISIS propaganda video.

  • "Huge sums of money from Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait and Turkey are flowing to Switzerland... There is a whole network of radically-oriented mosques in Switzerland. The Muslim World League is behind it.... The network is a hub for Salafists. The Swiss authorities make a big mistake of not looking into the mosques." — Saïda Keller-Messahli.

  • There are around 70 Turkish mosques financed directly from Turkey through the Diyanet Foundation in Switzerland.

  • The Swiss government appears to give Qatar, one of the primary propagators of Wahhabi Salafism in the world today, extremely special treatment.

Summary: 

The issue of apostasy is very controversial for every religion and when it comes to Islam, the problem of leaving the faith gets almost the all shades of drama. There is no system of belief that welcomes apostasy as itself but Islam has dual approach to this term. According to positive and progressive Islam, Islam is set of rules and it should search for spiritual connections with people. There is no fear from God and human beings who dont want to accept Islam or who want to leave Islam are free to do it. One of moderate British imams, Ajmal Masroor, believes that apostasy is a free choice and that none should judge none. Unfortunately, there is another side of the coin and regressive backward streams of Islam leading by Shari’ah Law experts and radical imams who preach only about radical punishments for apostates.The spiritual leader of the Muslim Brotherhood of Egypt,  Sheikh Yusuf Al-Qaradawi often states that: “…if not for the threat of murder for anyone who leaves Islam, Islam would not exist today”.

Summary: 

There is a huge misconception that I am progressively angrier about, largely because of the way it is wielded. It concerns 2:256, the famous Qur’anic verse that states ‘There is no compulsion in religion’, which is often quoted in part* and taken as evidence that Islam is tolerant of non-Muslims. .... The full context reveals that the verse is at least directly talking about faith and conviction rather than treatment of non-Muslims, making both a claim to the (purported) self-evidence of Islam and a rather self-evident point about how someone can’t be compelled to actually believe and it’s up to them to have faith, to choose the path of truth–being Islam here–over the path of error, a discussion that does not necessarily entail anything about how to treat those who don’t believe (though framing faith in Allah as the true path is itself already arguably judgmental of disbelievers). In short: while you can’t compel me to believe according to this verse…that doesn’t mean you can’t punish me if I don’t.

Summary: 

Will Mainstream American Islam Condemn Pastor Nadarkhani's "Apostasy" Death Sentence? Where is CAIR? Where is the Islamic Society of North America? Almost 90 years ago, in his 1924 The Law of Apostasy in Islam, Samuel Zwemer made these observations, regarding the post World War I "Arab Spring" of that era:

The story is told that Damocles, at the court of Dionysius of Sicily, pronounced the latter the happiest man on earth. When, however, Damocles was permitted to sit on the royal throne, he perceived a sword hanging by a horse-hair over his head. The imagined felicity vanished, and he begged Dionysius to remove him from his seat of peril. Today [circa 1924] we read of new mandatories, of liberty, and of promised equality to minorities under Moslem rule; and newspapers assert that a new era has come to the Near East. Economic development, intellectual awakening, reforms, constitutions, parliaments and promises Does the sword of Damocles, however, still hang over the head of each convert from Islam to Christianity? Is the new Islam more tolerant than the old? [emphasis added] Will the lives and property of converts be protected, and the rights of minorities be respected? ....Again and again has European pressure, aided by a few educated Orientals, endeavored to secure equality before the law for all religions and races in the Near East. But as often as the attempt was made it proved a failure, each new failure more ghastly than the last. The reason is that the conscience and the faith of the most sincere and upright Moslems are bound up with the Koran and the Traditions. [emphasis added] Civilization cannot eradicate deep-seated convictions. Rifles and ironclads, the cafe, the theatre, written constitutions, representative parliaments; none of these reach far below the surface. A truer freedom...than the one supplied by their own faith, must come before Moslems can enter into the larger liberty which we enjoy.

Summary: 

How odd that a site that purports to give answers about Islam from learned imams would so misunderstand Islam as to think that apostates from Islam and those who say something impermissible about Islam should be put to death. Of course, there is no real misunderstanding here, but that is what Islamic apologists in the West would have us believe: that Islam is benign and completely compatible with Western principles of human rights, and only those who misunderstand it think otherwise.

In any case, this ruling is pertinent today, as it explains why Muslims react with such fury and violence to perceived “insults” to Muhammad: in accord with his example, they consider verbal attacks on Islam even worse than physical ones, and believe that those who perpetrate such perceived attacks must be put to death. “Some of the rulings on apostasy and apostates,” fromIslam QA (thanks to Paul):

Summary: 

The 1990 Cairo Declaration, or so-called "Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Islam", was drafted and subsequently ratified by all the Muslim member nations of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC). Now a 57 state collective which includes every Islamic nation on earth, the OIC, currently headed by Turkey's Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu, thus represents the entire Muslim umma (or global community of individual Muslims), and is the largest single voting bloc in the United Nations (UN). 

Both the preamble and concluding articles (24 and 25) make plain that the OIC's Cairo Declaration is designed to supersede Western conceptions of human rights as enunciated, for example, in the US Bill of Rights, and the UN's 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

The opening of the preamble to the Cairo Declaration repeats a Koranic injunction affirming Islamic supremacism, (Koran 3:110; "You are the best nation ever brought forth to men...you believe in Allah"), and states,

"Reaffirming the civilizing and historical role of the Islamic Ummah which Allah made the best nation..."

The preamble continues,

"Believing that fundamental rights and universal freedoms in Islam are an integral part of the Islamic religion and that no one as a matter of principle has the right to suspend them in whole or in part or violate or ignore them in as much as they are binding divine commandments, which are contained in the Revealed Books of God and were sent through the last of His Prophets to complete the preceding divine messages thereby making their observance an act of worship and their neglect or violation an abominable sin, and accordingly every person is individually responsible  --  and the Ummah collectively responsible  --  for their safeguard."

Summary: 

A Christian family in Yorkshire who converted from Islam has said its "given up on the Church of England", after claiming its failed to provide them with support following ongoing persecution.

According to the Daily Mail, the Hussain family in Bradford were Muslims before they all converted to Christianity.

Since then, they claim they have suffered regular persecution from Muslim neighbours who view them as "apostates" - someone who converts from one religion to another. Renouncing Islam for another religion is punishable by death in some Islamic countries

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