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Reliance of the Traveller: Classic Manual of Islamic Sacred Law

Date Published: 
Thursday, 11 July, 2019

This is a classic manual of fiqh rulings based on Shafi"i School of jurisprudence and includes original Arabic texts and translations from classic works of prominent Muslim scholars such as al Ghazali, al Nawawi, al Qurtubi, al Dhahabi and others.

Admin: This manual has been endorsed by Cairo's al-Azhar university as "conforming to the practice and faith of orthodox Sunni Islam". It substantiates the that outlines some of the ways in which sharia is incompatible with democracy and human rights in that it:


  • Sanctions death for apostasy
  • Death by stoning for adultery and sodomy
  • Discrimination against non-Muslims
  • Jihad  against non-Muslims to establish Islam
  • In some cases, forced conversion to Islam
  • Discrimination against non-Muslims
  • Amputation of limbs
  • It makes clear that penalties like amputation and stoning are also applicable to non-Muslims.

This resolution by the Council of Europe spells out precisely how sharia is incompatible with human rights and democracy:

The Assembly recalls that the European Court of Human Rights has already stated in Refah Partisi (The Welfare Party) and others v. Turkey that the institution of Sharia law and a theocratic regime are incompatible with the requirements of a democratic society. The Assembly fully agrees that Sharia rules on, for example, divorce and inheritance proceedings are clearly incompatible with the Convention, in particular its Article 14, which prohibits discrimination on grounds such as sex or religion, and Article 5 of Protocol No. 7 to the Convention (ETS No. 117), which establishes equality between marital partners. Sharia law is also in contradiction with other provisions of the Convention and its additional protocols, including Article 2 (right to life), Article 3 (prohibition of torture or inhuman or degrading treatment), Article 6 (right to a fair trial), Article 8 (right to respect for private and family life), Article 9 (freedom of thought, conscience and religion), Article 10 (freedom of expression), Article 12 (right to marry), Article 1 of the Protocol to the Convention (ETS No. 9) (protection of property) and Protocols Nos. 6 (ETS No. 114) and 13 (ETS No. 187) abolishing the death penalty.