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Women’s rights in Islamic countries

Women’s rights in Islamic countries

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Women’s rights in Islamic countries

For those who are moderately educated on Islam it should be no surprise that a bronze age, authoritarian, imperialist ideology does not champion things like individual rights, minority rights, etc. This could be metaphorically, scripturally or a manifestation in the real world.

What some people will ask or consider is the extent to which Islam impacts upon individual and minority rights within majority Islamic nations.

An Islamic nation isn’t necessarily governed by Sharia (Islamic Law). The reality is that most of them are some hybrid of supposedly constitutional, civil law and Sharia. Morocco is a prime example of this and the details are included in the country profile below. There are also cultural, regional, ethnic, etc. differences to take into account. Given all of these variables and differences, no two Islamic nations are the same but there are similarities between Islamic nations on different continents, precisely due to the presence and influence of Islam. Islamic nations exist on 3 continents. Whilst interpretation and levels of adherence vary the ‘instructions’ are quite clear, for those who adhere to them and sometimes those who do not. Sharia, for example is very clear and quite detailed, as is that the example and life of Muhammad is to be emulated for all of time. This piece will go through things like levels of support for Sharia and levels of support for more secular and democratic systems in majority Muslim nations.

As you will see, the general attitudes and culture can be more oppressive than official laws. Many Islamic nations, such as Afghanistan have adopted nice sounding Constitutions that supposedly protect individual rights, etc. Some are linked. It isn’t straightforward enough to say that a Sharia country is more oppressive than a country with a Constitution that is supposedly secular/non Islamic. Whilst sometimes true this isn’t always the case. Generally speaking, there aren’t many explicit Sharia states. Some Islamic states are quite secular, whilst others are somewhat of a hybrid between secular or constitutional law and Sharia. We’ll go through some of the legal and cultural realities of living in a majority Muslim and technically Islamic state. There are many metrics and data on things like equality before the law. This report will be more focused on equality of opportunity rather than just listing gender disparities.

 

Afghanistan

The Muslim population is .

99% making Sharia the law of the land.

Of those, 61% Sharia should apply to non-Muslims. 81% of Sharia supporters corporal Sharia punishments for theft, etc.

85% of Sharia supporters also stoning adulterers to death.

79% of Sharia supporters death for leaving Islam.

73% Sharia is “the revealed word of god”.

94% mostly and/or completely that a wife must always obey her husband.

Just 30% that sons and daughters should have equal inheritance rights.

96% that converting others (non-Muslims) is a religious duty

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

Women apply for a Passport or National ID in a way identical to a man.

A married woman travel outside of the home in a way identical to a man, while an unmarried woman can.

A married woman choose where to live on the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Wives required to obey their husbands.

Women and men do have equal property rights.

Women and men do have equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) recognized.

Woman’s testimony is equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There is domestic violence legislation.

Sexual harassment is legislated against nor criminalised.

Age of marriage 18 for boys and 16 for girls.

The law does prohibit Child marriage.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

Under Taliban rule between 1996-2001 women and girls were from the following:

  • Driving
  • Going to School or studying
  • Going out without a male chaperone
  • Showing skin in public
  • Accessing healthcare delivered by men
  • Being involved in Politics or speaking publicly

 

Punishments Flogging, a beating or stoning to death.

The following is on the British government travel advice website:

Homosexuality is illegal.

It is forbidden to seek to convert Muslims to other faiths.

 

Abortion Law 1

Abortion is , except to save a woman’s life.

for abortion is a 7-year prison term, which also includes possession of contraceptives.

 

Access to divorce concerning mothers Law 1

Technically women have access to divorce, including mothers. However, the civil law is often ignored in favour of cultural stigma and Sharia. Marriages are not always registered and are therefore invisible.

Access to divorce concerning mothers Practice 1

Beaten wives discouraged from seeking divorce due to the cultural and social stigma. Divorce cases that Afghan women know their rights but stigma remains.

Access to formal education Data 1

Around 3.5 million children out of school and 75% of those are girls

There 3.5 million girls in schools/madrassas. According to the Afghan Ministry of Education there are 8.5 million students.

of women and men in the poorest households:

Level of Education for women was 98% with no education, 2% with only primary education and 1% with secondary or higher education. For men there were 79% with no education, 9% with only primary education, 12% had a secondary or higher education.

 

Access to formal education Law

Under the Taliban girls going to school were prohibited. Civil Afghan law permits free education for all children. This is included in the 2004 .

Age of Marriage Data 1

of ever-married women aged 15-19 is 40%.

Some girls are age 13 or 14.

that 46% of girls are married before the age of 18 and 15% of them before the age of 15.

Legal age of marriage is 16 but a large number marry before and up to 80% have been forced. A 13 year old sold by her father to a 50-year-old man over a $5,000 debt for gambling.

common for girls to be married off age 13, 14, though the legal age of marriage for women is 16 and 18 for men. 60-80% of Afghan women face forced marriages. 1 in 5 girls are in a forced marriage by age 15.

Age of Marriage Law

of marriage is 16 for a female and 18 for a male. Most Afghans favour Sharia, particularly those outside of cities.

from 2008 showed that 57% of marriages involved at least one party under the age of 16. Girls of 15 can be legally married with the permission of a father or court.

Constitutional Law 1

Technically the constitution is bound to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. forbids all forms of discrimination and distinction among the citizens of Afghanistan.

Double standards of marital fidelity Law 1

says loss of virginity before marriage is a punishable offense. Virginity tests are not uncommon, as per Sharia. An 8-month period can see 227 in Kabul alone. These occur when a girl is accused of “fornication”.

is the crime of sexual intercourse by two unmarried individuals & people have been jailed for 5 years.

, , and of running away are often jailed.

All of the above are not penal crimes, yet people are jailed, as per Sharia.

Differential treatment under Law Practice 1

According to 95% of girls and 50% of jailed women are in prison for ‘moral crimes”. Such as, running away from an abusive partner, etc.

Domestic violence Data 1

force married by her parents in her early teens. She suffered domestic violence abuse via her husband for 6 years. Her nose was cut off after he accused her of leaving the house without permission.

on domestic violence found 87% of women suffered sexual, physical or psychological abuse. 62% reported more than 1 form of abuse, 52% physical violence and 39% hit by husbands in the past year. The data was taken from 4,700 households across 16 of Afghanistan’s 34 provinces.

Of 42 married women and girls 22 were arrested for fleeing domestic violence. Abuse was inflicted by husbands, fathers-in-law, mothers-in-law, brothers-in-law, sisters-in-law, other wives and their children.

women aged 15-49 think a husband hitting/beating their wife is justified under certain circumstances.

Afghanistan ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

 

Albania

The Muslim population is

24% Sharia is “the revealed word of god”.

12% making Sharia the law of the land.

Of those, 24% Sharia should apply to non-Muslims. 43% of Sharia supporters corporal Sharia punishments for theft, etc.

25% of Sharia supporters also stoning adulterers to death.

8% of Sharia supporters death for leaving Islam.

40% mostly and/or completely that a wife must always obey her husband.

61% that sons and daughters should have equal inheritance rights.

Only 16% that converting others (non-Muslims) is a religious duty.

 

There are around differences before the law between men and women.

 

Rights of married and unmarried women equal to that of men.

Women and men equal property rights.

Women and men equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) are recognized.

Women and men equal weight of testimony in a court.

Women and men do the same jobs.

There legislation against domestic violence and there criminal penalties.

Sexual harassment legislated against criminalized.

Age of marriage 18 for both genders.

Law Child marriage.

Marital rape illegal.

Albania ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Albania ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Algeria

The Muslim population is

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

Married woman apply for a Passport or National ID in a way identical to a man, while unmarried women can.

Women travel outside of the home in the same way as a man.

Women and men equal property rights.

Women and men do have equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) recognized.

Women testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There is domestic violence legislation.

Sexual harassment legislated against criminalised.

Age of marriage 19 for boys and 19 for girls.

The law Child marriage, though it is penalised.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Algeria ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Algeria ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Azerbaijan

The Muslim population is %.

53% Sharia is “the revealed word of god”.

8% making Sharia the law of the land.

58% mostly and/or completely that a wife must always obey her husband.

61% that sons and daughters should have equal inheritance rights.

42% that converting others (non-Muslims) is a religious duty.

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

Rights of married and unmarried women equal to that of men.

Women and men equal property rights.

Women and men equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) are recognized.

Women and men equal weight of testimony in a court.

Women and men do the same jobs.

There legislation against domestic violence but there are criminal penalties.

Sexual harassment legislated against criminalized.

Age of marriage 18 for both genders.

Law Child marriage.

Marital rape illegal.

 

The is stated on the British government travel advice website:

It is illegal to proselytise.

While homosexuality is not illegal, LGBT people in Azerbaijan tend to keep a low profile, as it is not acceptable to a large part of society. This is particularly true outside Baku and among the older generation. Public displays of affection are frowned upon, especially outside of Baku.

 

Azerbaijan ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Azerbaijan ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Bahrain

The Muslim population is

 

There are differences before the law between men and women.

 

Married woman apply for a Passport in a way identical to a man, while unmarried women can.

A married woman travel outside of the home in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

A married woman get a job in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

A married woman choose where to live in a way identical to a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Women confer citizenship to children in a way identical to a man.

Women “head of the household” in the same way as a man.

Wives required to obey their husband.

Women and men equal property rights.

Women and men do have equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) recognized.

Women testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There is domestic violence legislation.

Sexual harassment legislated against and criminalised.

Age of marriage 18 for boys and 15 for girls.

The law Child marriage, though it is penalised.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Bahrain ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Bahrain ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Bangladesh

The Muslim population is

65% Sharia is “the revealed word of god”.

82% making Sharia the law of the land.

Of those, 39% Sharia should apply to non-Muslims. 50% of Sharia supporters corporal Sharia punishments for theft, etc.

55% of Sharia supporters also stoning adulterers to death.

44% of Sharia supporters death for leaving Islam.

88% mostly and/or completely that a wife must always obey her husband.

46% that sons and daughters should have equal inheritance rights.

69% that converting others (non-Muslims) is a religious duty.

 

There are differences before the law between men and women.

 

Married and unmarried women rights equal to men.

Women and men equal property rights.

Women and men do have equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) recognized.

Woman’s testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There domestic violence legislation and it criminalised.

Sexual harassment legislated against criminalised.

Age of marriage 21 for boys and 18 for girls.

The law prohibit Child marriage.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Bangladesh ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Bangladesh ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Bosnia-Herzegovina

The Muslim population is

52% Sharia is “the revealed word of god”.

15% making Sharia the law of the land.

Of those, 29% Sharia should apply to non-Muslims. 32% of Sharia supporters corporal Sharia punishments for theft, etc.

55% of Sharia supporters also stoning adulterers to death.

21% of Sharia supporters death for leaving Islam.

45% mostly and/or completely that a wife must always obey her husband.

79% that sons and daughters should have equal inheritance rights.

33% that converting others (non-Muslims) is a religious duty.

 

There are differences before the law between men and women.

 

Married and unmarried women rights equal to men.

Women and men equal property rights.

Women and men equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) are recognized.

Woman’s testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There domestic violence legislation.

Sexual harassment legislated against criminalised.

Age of marriage 18 for boys and 18 for girls.

The law prohibit Child marriage.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Bosnia-Herzegovina ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Bosnia-Herzegovina ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Brunei

The Muslim population is

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

A married woman travel outside of the home in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

A married woman choose where to live on the same way as a man but an unmarried woman can.

Women confer citizenship to children in a way identical to a man.

Wives required to obey their husbands.

Married women do have equal property rights, while unmarried women do.

Women and men do have equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) recognized.

Woman’s testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There domestic violence legislation.

Sexual harassment legislated against criminalised.

Age of marriage 18 for boys and 18 for girls.

The law prohibit Child marriage.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Brunei ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Brunei ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Burkina Faso

The Muslim population is

FGM prevalence rate is

 

There are differences before the law between men and women.

 

A married woman choose where to live on the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Wives are required to obey their husbands.

Women and men equal property rights.

Women and men equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) are recognized.

Woman’s testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There is domestic violence legislation.

Sexual harassment legislated against criminalised.

Age of marriage 20 for boys and 20 for girls.

The law does prohibit Child marriage.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Burkina Faso ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Burkina Faso ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Chad

The Muslim population is .

FGM prevalence rate is

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

A married woman choose where to live on the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Wives are required to obey their husbands.

Women and men equal property rights.

Women and men equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) are recognized.

Woman’s testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There is domestic violence legislation.

Sexual harassment is legislated against, criminalised.

Age of marriage 21 for boys and 21 for girls.

The law prohibit Child marriage.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Chad ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Chad ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Comoros

The Muslim population is

Comoros ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

 

Djibouti

The Muslim population is

FGM prevalence rate is

 

There are differences before the law between men and women.

 

Women “head of the household” in the same way as a man.

Wives required to obey their husband.

Women and men equal property rights.

Women and men do have equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) recognized.

Women testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There is domestic violence legislation.

Sexual harassment is legislated against, criminalised.

Age of marriage 18 for boys and 18 for girls.

The law Child marriage and it penalised.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Djibouti ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

 

Egypt

The Muslim population is .

75% Sharia is “the revealed word of god”.

74% making Sharia the law of the land.

Of those, 74% Sharia should apply to non-Muslims. 70% of Sharia supporters corporal Sharia punishments for theft, etc.

81% of Sharia supporters also stoning adulterers to death.

86% of Sharia supporters death for leaving Islam.

85% mostly and/or completely that a wife must always obey her husband.

26% that sons and daughters should have equal inheritance rights.

88% that converting others (non-Muslims) is a religious duty.

FGM prevalence rate is

 

There are around differences before the law between men and women.

 

Married woman apply for a Passport in a way identical to a man, while unmarried women can.

A married woman travel outside of the home in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

A married woman get a job in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Wives required to obey their husband.

Women and men equal property rights.

Women and men do have equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) recognized.

Women testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There is domestic violence legislation.

Sexual harassment legislated against criminalised.

Age of marriage 18 for boys and 18 for girls.

The law Child marriage, though it is penalised.

Marital rape is not explicitly criminalised.

 

Egypt ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Egypt ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Gambia

The Muslim population is

FGM prevalence rate is

 

Gambia ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

 

Indonesia

The Muslim population is

54% Sharia is “the revealed word of god”.

72% making Sharia the law of the land.

Of those, 50% Sharia should apply to non-Muslims. 45% of Sharia supporters corporal Sharia punishments for theft, etc.

48% of Sharia supporters also stoning adulterers to death.

18% of Sharia supporters death for leaving Islam.

93% mostly and/or completely that a wife must always obey her husband.

76% that sons and daughters should have equal inheritance rights.

31% that converting others (non-Muslims) is a religious duty.

FGM prevalence rate is

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

Women “head of the household” in the same way as a man.

Wives are required to obey their husband.

Women and men equal property rights.

Women and men do have equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) recognized.

Women testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There is domestic violence legislation.

Sexual harassment legislated against criminalised.

Age of marriage 21 for boys and 21 for girls.

The law Child marriage and it penalised.

Marital rape explicitly criminalised.

 

Indonesia ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Indonesia ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Iran

The Muslim population is

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

Married woman apply for a Passport in a way identical to a man, while unmarried women can.

A married woman travel outside of the home in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

A married woman travel outside of the country in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

A married woman get a job in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

A married woman choose where to live in a way identical to a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Women confer citizenship to children in a way identical to a man.

Women “head of the household” in the same way as a man.

Wives required to obey their husband.

Women and men equal property rights.

Women and men do have equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) recognized.

Women testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There is domestic violence legislation.

Sexual harassment not legislated against, criminalised.

Age of marriage 15 for boys and 13 for girls.

The law does prohibit Child marriage and it is penalised.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Iran ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Iran ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Iraq

The Muslim population is .

69% Sharia is “the revealed word of god”.

91% making Sharia the law of the land.

Of those, 38% Sharia should apply to non-Muslims. 56% of Sharia supporters corporal Sharia punishments for theft, etc.

58% of Sharia supporters also stoning adulterers to death.

42% of Sharia supporters death for leaving Islam.

92% mostly and/or completely that a wife must always obey her husband.

22% that sons and daughters should have equal inheritance rights.

66% that converting others (non-Muslims) is a religious duty.

FGM prevalence rate is

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

Married woman apply for a Passport in a way identical to a man, while unmarried women can.

A married woman travel outside of the home in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

A married woman get a job in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

A married woman choose where to live in a way identical to a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Women confer citizenship to children in a way identical to a man.

Women “head of the household” in the same way as a man.

Wives required to obey their husband.

Women and men equal property rights.

Women and men do have equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) recognized.

Women testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There is domestic violence legislation.

Sexual harassment legislated against criminalised.

Age of marriage 18 for boys and 18 for girls.

The law Child marriage, though it is penalised.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Iraq ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

 

Jordan

The Muslim population is

81% Sharia is “the revealed word of god”.

71% making Sharia the law of the land.

Of those, 58% Sharia should apply to non-Muslims.

57% of Sharia supporters corporal Sharia punishments for theft, etc.

67% of Sharia supporters also stoning adulterers to death.

82% of Sharia supporters death for leaving Islam.

93% mostly and/or completely that a wife must always obey her husband.

76% that sons and daughters should have equal inheritance rights.

92% that converting others (non-Muslims) is a religious duty.

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

Women apply for a Passport in a way identical to a man.

A married woman travel outside of the home in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

A married woman get a job in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

A married woman choose where to live in a way identical to a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Women confer citizenship to children in a way identical to a man.

A married woman be “head of the household” in the same way as a man.

Wives required to obey their husband.

Women and men equal property rights.

Women and men do have equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) recognized.

Women do have testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There domestic violence legislation.

Sexual harassment legislated against criminalised.

Age of marriage 18 for boys and 18 for girls.

The law Child marriage, though it is penalised.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Jordan ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Jordan ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Kazakhstan

The Muslim population is

44% Sharia is “the revealed word of god”.

10% making Sharia the law of the land.

Of those, 19% Sharia should apply to non-Muslims.

31% of Sharia supporters corporal Sharia punishments for theft, etc.

31% of Sharia supporters also stoning adulterers to death.

Only 4% of Sharia supporters death for leaving Islam.

51% mostly and/or completely that a wife must always obey her husband.

63% that sons and daughters should have equal inheritance rights.

15% that converting others (non-Muslims) is a religious duty.

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

Rights of married and unmarried women equal to that of men.

Women and men equal property rights.

Women and men equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) are recognized.

Women and men equal weight of testimony in a court.

Women and men do the same jobs.

There legislation against domestic violence but there are no criminal penalties.

Sexual harassment is legislated against, criminalised.

Age of marriage 18 for both sexes.

Law Child marriage, though it is penalised.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Kazakhstan ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Kazakhstan ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Kosovo

The Muslim population is

30% Sharia is “the revealed word of god”.

20% making Sharia the law of the land.

Of those, 31% Sharia should apply to non-Muslims.

28% of Sharia supporters corporal Sharia punishments for theft, etc.

25% of Sharia supporters also stoning adulterers to death.

11% of Sharia supporters death for leaving Islam.

34% mostly and/or completely that a wife must always obey her husband.

76% that sons and daughters should have equal inheritance rights.

26% that converting others (non-Muslims) is a religious duty.

 

There are differences before the law between men and women.

 

Rights of married and unmarried women equal to that of men.

Women and men equal property rights.

Women and men equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) are recognized.

Women and men equal weight of testimony in a court.

Women and men do the same jobs.

There legislation against domestic violence but there are clear criminal penalties.

Sexual harassment legislated against criminalised.

Age of marriage 18 for both sexes.

Law Child marriage and it penalised.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Kuwait

The Muslim population is

 

There are differences before the law between men and women.

 

A married woman travel outside of the home in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

A married woman get a job in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

A married woman choose where to live in a way identical to a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Women confer citizenship to children in a way identical to a man.

Women “head of the household” in the same way as a man.

Wives required to obey their husband.

Women and men equal property rights.

Women and men do have equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) recognized.

Women testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There is domestic violence legislation.

Sexual harassment legislated against criminalised.

Age of marriage 17 for boys and 15 for girls.

The law Child marriage, though it is penalised.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Kuwait ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Kuwait ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Kyrgyzstan

The Muslim population is

69% Sharia is “the revealed word of god”.

35% making Sharia the law of the land.

Of those, 62% Sharia should apply to non-Muslims.

54% of Sharia supporters corporal Sharia punishments for theft, etc.

39% of Sharia supporters also stoning adulterers to death.

14% of Sharia supporters death for leaving Islam.

75% mostly and/or completely that a wife must always obey her husband.

63% that sons and daughters should have equal inheritance rights.

36% that converting others (non-Muslims) is a religious duty.

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

Rights of married and unmarried women equal to that of men.

Women and men equal property rights.

Women and men equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) are recognized.

Women and men equal weight of testimony in a court.

Women and men do the same jobs.

There legislation against domestic violence but there are clear criminal penalties.

Sexual harassment legislated against but not criminalised.

Age of marriage 18 for both sexes.

Law Child marriage and it penalised.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Kyrgyzstan ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Kyrgyzstan ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Lebanon

The Muslim population is

49% Sharia is “the revealed word of god”.

29% making Sharia the law of the land.

Of those, 48% Sharia should apply to non-Muslims.

50% of Sharia supporters corporal Sharia punishments for theft, etc.

46% of Sharia supporters also stoning adulterers to death.

46% of Sharia supporters death for leaving Islam.

74% mostly and/or completely that a wife must always obey her husband.

35% that sons and daughters should have equal inheritance rights.

52% that converting others (non-Muslims) is a religious duty.

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

Rights of married and unmarried women equal to that of men.

Women and men equal property rights.

Women and men have equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) recognized.

Women and men equal weight of testimony in a court.

Women and men do the same jobs.

There legislation against domestic violence and there clear criminal penalties.

Sexual harassment is legislated against, nor criminalised.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Lebanon ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Lebanon ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Libya

The Muslim population is

 

Libya ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

 

Malaysia

The Muslim population is .

41% Sharia is “the revealed word of god”.

86% making Sharia the law of the land.

Of those, 41% Sharia should apply to non-Muslims.

66% of Sharia supporters corporal Sharia punishments for theft, etc.

60% of Sharia supporters also stoning adulterers to death.

62% of Sharia supporters death for leaving Islam.

96% mostly and/or completely that a wife must always obey her husband.

36% that sons and daughters should have equal inheritance rights.

79% that converting others (non-Muslims) is a religious duty.

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

A married woman travel outside of the home in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

A married woman get a job in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

A married woman choose where to live in a way identical to a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Women confer citizenship to children in a way identical to a man.

Wives required to obey their husband.

Women and men equal property rights.

Women and men do have equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) recognized.

Women testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There domestic violence legislation clear criminal penalties.

Sexual harassment legislated against criminalised.

Age of marriage 18 for boys and 16 for girls.

The law Child marriage and it is penalised.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Malaysia ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Malaysia ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Maldives

The Muslim population is

 

There are differences before the law between men and women.

 

Rights of married and unmarried women equal to that of men.

Women and men equal property rights.

Women and men equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) recognized.

Women and men equal weight of testimony in a court.

Women and men do the same jobs.

There legislation against domestic violence and there are clear criminal penalties.

Sexual harassment is legislated against, criminalised.

Age of marriage 18 for boys and 18 for girls.

The law does prohibit Child marriage, though it penalised.

Marital rape explicitly criminalised.

 

Maldives ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Maldives ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Mali

The Muslim population is .

63% making Sharia the law of the land.

89% that converting others (non-Muslims) is a religious duty.

FGM prevalence rate is

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

A married woman apply for a Passport in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

A married woman choose where to live in a way identical to a man, while an unmarried woman can.

A married woman “head the household” in the same way as a man.

Wives required to obey their Husband.

Men and women equal property rights.

Men and women equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) are recognised.

Women testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There is domestic violence legislation.

There is sexual harassment legislation.

Age of marriage 18 for boys and 16 for girls.

The law child marriage and it penalised.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Mali ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

 

Mauritania

The Muslim population is

FGM prevalence rate is

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

A married woman get a job in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Women confer citizenship to children in the same way as a man.

A married woman “head the household” in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Married women do have equal property rights to those of a man, while unmarried women do.

Men and women do have equal inheritance rights. Personal law courts (Sharia) recognised.

Women do have testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There is domestic violence legislation.

There is sexual harassment legislation.

Age of marriage 18 for boys and 18 for girls.

The law does prohibit child marriage and it is penalised.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Mauritania ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

 

Mayotte

The Muslim population is

 

Morocco

The Muslim population is

66% Sharia is “the revealed word of God”.

83% making Sharia the law of the land.

Of those, 29% Sharia should apply to non-Muslims. 92% mostly and/or completely that a wife must always obey her husband.

15% that sons and daughters should have equal inheritance rights.

63% that converting others (non-Muslims) is a religious duty.

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

A married woman “head the household” in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Men and women equal property rights.

Men and women do have equal inheritance rights. Personal law courts (Sharia) recognised.

Women testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs. There is no domestic violence legislation.

Sexual harassment legislated against criminalised. Age of marriage 18 for boys and 18 for girls.

The law does prohibit child marriage and it is penalised.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Here is a personal testimony from a young lady from Morocco on the law and life for women there:

“The law in Morocco…I already told you I’ve been sexually harassed on a regular basis. I once decided to ask a Police officer for help, he told me to go home and cover myself. A lot of women, victims of sexual harassment or even rape do not file a complaint because they are accused of adultery and bring some shame to their family. Another example of shitty laws there is when I once needed an official document from the Moroccan Administration proving that I never got married in my home country. I needed 2 witnesses to testify that I wasn’t married. My 2 sisters couldn’t testify because they are women. I just asked 2 random men on the street and their testimony was more valuable than my own sisters. It was an official government place. The prefecture in Oujda. To obtain a certificate of celibacy.”

This testimony is an example that the lives and rights of women in these countries aren’t as free as portrayed in the official laws of the land. Islamic culture often overrides the supposedly secular parts of these laws, constitutions. However, the main problem is that Islamic law is incorporated. It would appear that many Islamic nations do not do or understand secularism and so there is typically a hybrid.

 

This statement from is a good description of their Legal system:

Moroccan laws are primarily based on French civil law and Islamic law (Shari’a). The majority of the country’s population is Sunni Muslim. Matters related to personal status (including inheritance, marriage, divorce and child custody) are governed by the Moudawana, the personal status code (or family code), which is based on Islamic law. The Christian and Jewish communities in Moroccan society have separate family laws. Thus, there is no united personal status law that applies to all Moroccans. The first family code was enacted in 1957. In 2004 the code was reformed and the new Moudawana is considered one of the most progressive in the Arab world. For example, the new code introduces modifications to the rules of inheritance, raises the minimum age of marriage and secures women’s right to divorce. Yet, before a court, in matters of family law, a woman’s testimony is worth only half of that of a man. While the previous constitution did not include such a provision, the new draft constitution of July 2011 guarantees women’s “civic and social” equality with men.

 

Morocco ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Morocco ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Niger

The Muslim population is

86% making Sharia the law of the land.

89% that converting others (non-Muslims) is a religious duty.

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

A married woman get a job in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

A married woman open a bank account in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

A married woman choose where to live in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Married women “head the household” in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Wives are required to obey their Husband.

Men and women equal property rights.

Men and women do have equal inheritance rights. Personal law courts (Sharia) are recognised.

Women testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There is domestic violence legislation.

Sexual harassment legislated against criminalised. Age of marriage 21 for boys and 21 for girls.

The law child marriage and it penalised.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Niger ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

 

Oman

The Muslim population is

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

A married woman apply for a Passport in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Women apply for a national ID in the same way as a man.

A married woman travel outside of her home in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

A married woman choose where to live in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Women confer citizenship to children in the same way as a man.

A married woman “head the household” in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Wives are required to obey their Husband.

Men and women equal property rights.

Men and women do have equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) recognised.

Women do have testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There is domestic violence legislation.

Sexual harassment is legislated against, criminalised.

Age of marriage 18 for boys and 18 for girls.

The law does prohibit child marriage and it is penalised.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Oman ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index.

 

Pakistan

The Muslim population is

81% Sharia is “the revealed word of God”.

84% making Sharia the law of the land.

Of those, 34% Sharia should apply to non-Muslims. 88% of Sharia supporters corporal Sharia punishments for theft, etc.

89% of Sharia supporters also stoning adulterers to death.

76% of Sharia supporters death for leaving Islam. 88% mostly and/or completely that a wife must always obey her husband.

53% that sons and daughters should have equal inheritance rights.

85% that converting others (non-Muslims) is a religious duty.

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

A married woman apply for a Passport in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

A married woman apply for a national ID in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

A married woman register a business in the same way as a man, though an unmarried woman can.

Wives are required to obey their Husband.

Men and women equal property rights.

Men and women do have equal inheritance rights. Personal law courts (Sharia) recognised.

Women do have testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There domestic violence legislation and there clear criminal penalties.

Sexual harassment legislated against, though it is criminalised.

Age of marriage 18 for boys and 18 for girls.

The law child marriage and it penalised.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Pakistan ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Pakistan ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Palestinian Territories (West Bank, Gaza Strip)

The Muslim population is

75% Sharia is “the revealed word of God”.

89% making Sharia the law of the land.

Of those, 44% Sharia should apply to non-Muslims. 76% of Sharia supporters corporal Sharia punishments for theft, etc.

84% of Sharia supporters also stoning adulterers to death.

66% of Sharia supporters death for leaving Islam. 87% mostly and/or completely that a wife must always obey her husband.

43% that sons and daughters should have equal inheritance rights.

82% that converting others (non-Muslims) is a religious duty.

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

Married women travel outside of their homes in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can. Married women get a job in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Married women choose where to live in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Women confer citizenship to children in the same way that a man can.

A married woman “head the household” in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Wives required to obey their Husband.

Men and women equal property rights.

Men and women do have equal inheritance rights. Personal law courts (Sharia) recognised.

Women do have testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There domestic violence legislation, though there are clear criminal penalties.

Sexual harassment legislated against, though it is criminalised.

Age of marriage 16 for boys and 15 for girls.

The law prohibit child marriage, though it is penalised.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Palestinian Territories rank out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

 

Qatar

The Muslim population is

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

Married women travel outside of the country in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can. Married women travel outside of the home in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can. Married women get a job in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Married women choose where to live in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Women confer citizenship to children in the same way as a man.

Wives required to obey their Husband.

Men and women equal property rights.

Men and women do have equal inheritance rights. Personal law courts (Sharia) recognised.

Women do have testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There is domestic violence legislation.

Sexual harassment legislated against, though it is criminalised.

Age of marriage 18 for boys and 16 for girls.

The law child marriage, though it is penalised. Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Qatar ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Qatar ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Saudi Arabia

The Muslim population is

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

Women apply for a passport or a national ID in the same way as a man.

Women travel outside of the country in the same way as a man.

A married woman travel outside her home in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Women confer citizenship to children in the same way as a man.

Women “head the household” in the same way as a man.

Wives are required to obey their Husband.

Men and women equal property rights.

Men and women do have equal inheritance rights. Personal law courts (Sharia) recognised.

Women do have testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There domestic violence legislation and it criminalised. Sexual harassment is legislated against, is it criminalised.

The law does prohibit child marriage.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Saudi Arabia ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Saudi Arabia ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Senegal

The Muslim population is

55% making Sharia the law of the land.

75% that converting others (non-Muslims) is a religious duty.

FGM prevalence rate is

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

Married women apply for a passport in the same way as a man, while unmarried women can.

Married women choose where to live in the same way as a man, while unmarried women can.

Married women “head the household” in the same way as a man, while unmarried women can.

Wives are required to obey their Husband.

Men and women equal property rights.

Men and women do have equal inheritance rights. Personal law courts (Sharia) are recognised.

Women testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There domestic violence legislation and there clear criminal penalties.

Sexual harassment legislated against criminalised. Age of marriage 18 for boys and 18 for girls.

The law child marriage and it penalised.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Senegal ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Senegal ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Sierra Leone

The Muslim population is

FGM prevalence rate is

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

Married and unmarried women equal rights to men. Men and women work the same jobs.

There domestic violence legislation and there clear criminal penalties.

Sexual harassment legislated against criminalised. Age of marriage 18 for boys and 18 for girls.

The law child marriage and it penalised.

Marital rape explicitly criminalised.

 

Sierra Leone ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

 

Somalia

The Muslim population is

FGM prevalence rate is .

 

Sudan

The Muslim population is .

FGM prevalence rate is

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

Married women apply for a passport in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Women travel outside the country in the same way as a man.

Married women travel outside of their homes in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can. Married women get a job in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Married women choose where to live in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Women confer citizenship to children in the same way that a man can.

Women “head the household” in the same way as a man.

Wives required to obey their Husband.

Men and women equal property rights.

Men and women do have equal inheritance rights. Personal law courts (Sharia) recognised.

Women do have testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There is domestic violence legislation.

Sexual harassment legislated against criminalised.

minimum age of marriage for boys or for girls.

The law does prohibit child marriage.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Sudan ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

 

Syria

The Muslim population is

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

Women travel outside the country in the same way as a man.

Married women travel outside of their homes in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can. Married women get a job in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Married women choose where to live in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Women confer citizenship to children in the same way that a man can.

Women “head the household” in the same way as a man.

Wives required to obey their Husband.

Men and women equal property rights.

Men and women do have equal inheritance rights. Personal law courts (Sharia) recognised.

Women do have testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There is domestic violence legislation.

Sexual harassment legislated against criminalised. Age of marriage 18 for boys and 17 for girls.

The law child marriage, though it is penalised. Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Syria ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index.

Syria ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Tajikistan

The Muslim population is

60% Sharia is “the revealed word of God”.

27% making Sharia the law of the land.

Of those, 29% Sharia should apply to non-Muslims. 40% of Sharia supporters corporal Sharia punishments for theft, etc.

51% of Sharia supporters also stoning adulterers to death.

22% of Sharia supporters death for leaving Islam. 89% mostly and/or completely that a wife must always obey her husband.

59% that sons and daughters should have equal inheritance rights.

69% that converting others (non-Muslims) is a religious duty.

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

Married and unmarried women equal rights to men. Men and women equal property rights.

Men and women equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) are recognised.

Women testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There domestic violence legislation, though there are clear criminal penalties.

Sexual harassment is legislated against.

Age of marriage 18 for boys and 18 for girls.

The law child marriage and it penalised.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

Tajikistan ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Tajikistan ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Tunisia

The Muslim population is

66% Sharia is “the revealed word of God”.

56% making Sharia the law of the land.

Of those, 40% Sharia should apply to non-Muslims. 44% of Sharia supporters corporal Sharia punishments for theft, etc.

44% of Sharia supporters also stoning adulterers to death.

29% of Sharia supporters death for leaving Islam. 93% mostly and/or completely that a wife must always obey her husband.

15% that sons and daughters should have equal inheritance rights.

73% that converting others (non-Muslims) is a religious duty.

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

A married woman “head the household” in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Wives are required to obey their Husband.

Men and women equal property rights.

Men and women have equal inheritance rights. Personal law courts (Sharia) are recognised.

Women testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There is domestic violence legislation.

Sexual harassment legislated against and it criminalised. Age of marriage 18 for boys and 18 for girls.

The law child marriage, though it is penalised. Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

 

Tunisia ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Tunisia ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Turkey

The Muslim population is

49% Sharia is “the revealed word of God”.

12% making Sharia the law of the land.

Of those, 43% Sharia should apply to non-Muslims. 35% of Sharia supporters corporal Sharia punishments for theft, etc.

29% of Sharia supporters also stoning adulterers to death.

17% of Sharia supporters death for leaving Islam. 65% mostly and/or completely that a wife must always obey her husband.

88% that sons and daughters should have equal inheritance rights.

39% that converting others (non-Muslims) is a religious duty.

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

Married and unmarried women equal rights to men. Wives are required to obey their Husband.

Men and women equal property rights.

Men and women equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) are recognised.

Women testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There domestic violence legislation and there clear criminal penalties.

Sexual harassment legislated against and criminalised. Age of marriage 18 for boys and 18 for girls.

The law child marriage, though it is penalised. Marital rape explicitly criminalised.

 

Turkey ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Turkey ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Turkmenistan

The Muslim population is

Turkmenistan ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

 

UAE

The Muslim population is

 

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

 

Married women apply for a passport in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Married women travel outside of their homes in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can. Married women get a job in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Married women choose where to live in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Women confer citizenship to children in the same way that a man can.

A married woman “head the household” in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Wives required to obey their Husband.

Men and women equal property rights.

Men and women do have equal inheritance rights. Personal law courts (Sharia) recognised.

Women testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There is domestic violence legislation.

Sexual harassment legislated against and criminalised. Age of marriage 18 for boys and 18 for girls.

The law does prohibit child marriage.

Marital rape is explicitly criminalised.

UAE ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

UAE ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Uzbekistan

The Muslim population is

52% Sharia is “the revealed word of God”.

84% mostly and/or completely that a wife must always obey her husband.

50% that sons and daughters should have equal inheritance rights.

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

Men and women equal property rights.

Men and women equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) are recognised.

Women testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There is domestic violence legislation.

Sexual harassment is legislated against.

Age of marriage 18 for boys and 17 for girls.

The law child marriage and it penalised.

Marital rape explicitly criminalised.

 

Uzbekistan ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

 

Western Sahara

The Muslim population is

 

Yemen

The Muslim population is

FGM prevalence rate is

There are roughly differences before the law between men and women.

Married women apply for a passport in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Married women travel outside of their homes in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can. Married women get a job in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Married women choose where to live in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Married women be “head of household” in the same way as a man, while an unmarried woman can.

Wives required to obey their husband.

Men and women equal property rights.

Men and women equal inheritance rights.

Personal law courts (Sharia) recognised.

Women do have testimony equal to a man.

Men and women work the same jobs.

There is domestic violence legislation.

Sexual harassment legislated against criminalised. Age of marriage 15 for boys and 15 for girls.

The law child marriage, though it is penalised. Marital rape explicitly criminalised.

 

Yemen ranks out of 188 on the UN Human development index 2016.

Yemen ranks out of 144 on the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap index 2016.

 

Sources (General)

Afghanistan

Abortion

ADCM Practice 1

AFE Data 1

(p252)

AFE Law

AOM Data 1

AOM Law 1

 

CONST Law 1

DSFMF Law 1

DTCP Practice 1

DV Data 1

Some constitutions:

Afghanistan

Albania

Algeria

Azerbaijan