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There are four separate terms used in Islam for lying to protect Muslims and Islam:
Taqiyya: "dissimulation about ones Muslim identity"
Tawriya: " defined as concealing, and it could be called “creative lying” or where appropriate “lying under oath”"
Kitman: "telling only part of the truth"
Muruna: " using “flexibility” to blend in with the enemy or the surroundings"
These are the common deflections used to exonerate Islamic texts:
- Know many peaceful Muslims
- The notion that Sharia is trying to take over “absurd.”
- In every religion there are people who have had “unfortunate experiences.
- That doesn't happen in this country
- Your message is one of “hate".
A common form of Jihad since Islam's clash with modern day liberalism, is to lie and deceive about Islam and what it teaches.
Taqiyya is a concept were the term is very much misused, especially by critics of Islam.
Taqiyya does not mean “lying” in Islam. It only refers to a specific doctrine, a predominantly Shi’ite one, used by them in order to save their own lives or avoid some other form of severe persecution.
We often tend to conflate this doctrine with that of lying in general, It is leading to the mislabeling of all forms of Islamic lying as an example of “taqiyya”. However, al-taqiyya forms only a single aspect of lying within Islam, not the entirety of the subject itself. Lying to non Muslims, for reasons other than the fear of persecution, is also supported by Islamic texts.
Taqiyya is saying something that isn't true as it relates to the Muslim identity. To protect oneself from persecution, or death.
Kitman is lying by omission. Most common example of this would be when Muslim apologists quote a section of Quran 5:32 (that if anyone kills "it shall be as if he had killed all mankind") while neglecting to mention that the rest of the verse (and the next) mandate murder in undefined cases of "corruption" and "mischief."
Tawriya is intentionally creating a false impression.
Muruna is 'Blending in' by setting aside some practices of Islam or Sharia in order to advance others.
Imam Abu Hammid Ghazali says: “Speaking is a means to achieve objectives. If a praiseworthy aim is attainable through both telling the truth and lying, it is unlawful to accomplish through lying because there is no need for it. When it is possible to achieve such an aim by lying but not by telling the truth, it is permissible to lie if attaining the goal is permissible (i.e. when the purpose of lying is to circumvent someone who is preventing one from doing something permissible), and obligatory to lie if the goal is obligatory. It is religiously precautionary in all cases to employ words that give a misleading impression.” (Reliance of the Traveller. p.745 r8.2)
Scholars teach that Muslims should generally be truthful to each other, unless the purpose of lying is to “smooth over differences”. The circumstances for lying are typically those that advance the cause Islam, in most cases in the West, by gaining the trust of non believers in order to draw out their vulnerability and defeat them.
Quran 16:106 clearly establishes that there are circumstances that can pressure a Muslim to tell a lie.
Quran 3:28 even tells Muslims not to take those outside the faith as friends, unless it is to “guard themselves”. Other notable verses promoting lying are as follows:
Quran (9:3) – “Allah and His Messenger are free from liability to the idolater.”
Quran (2:225) – “Allah will not call you to account for thoughtlessness in your oaths, but for the intention in your hearts”
Quran (66:2) – “Allah has already ordained for you, (O men), the dissolution of your oaths” (not surprisingly, the context of this passage is marriage)
Quran (3:54) – “And they (the disbelievers) deceived, and Allah deceived (against them): and Allah is the best of deceivers.”
The Arabic word used here for deceived (or plot) is makara, which literally means ‘deceit’. If Allah is supremely deceitful toward unbelievers, then there is little basis for denying that Muslims are allowed to do the same. (See also 8:30 and 10:21)
Taken collectively these verses are interpreted to mean that there are circumstances when a Muslim may be forced to deceive others for a greater purpose.
Bukhari (3:49:857) – “He who makes peace between the people by inventing good information or saying good things, is not a liar.”
Muslim (32:6303) – “He did not hear that exemption was granted in anything what the people speak as lie but in three cases: in battle, for bringing reconciliation amongst persons and of the husband to his wife, and of a wife to her husband”. (in a strange form in order to bring reconciliation between them).
Muhammad’s men volunteered to assassinate Ka'b bin al-Ashraf, and Muhammad allowed them to use dishonesty to gain Ka’b’s trust, pretending that they had turned against Muhammad. This drew the victim out of safety, so they could brutally slaughter him, despite putting up a ferocious struggle for his life. As the story is narrated in Bukhari 5:59:369.
Muhammad used deception when he signed a 10 year treaty with the Meccans that allowed him access to their city for pilgrimage, while he secretly prepared his own forces for attack. The unsuspecting Meccan's were conquered in easy fashion after he broke the treaty 2 years later, and some of the people in the city who had trusted him at his word were executed.
The absence of Quranic verses and reliable Hadith that encourage truthfulness is somewhat surprising and shocking, considering many Muslims are compelled to be dishonest about Islam's teachings on dishonesty, or that many Muslims are convinced that their religion teaches honesty.
In fact, it is because of this ingrained misconception of belief that many Muslims are honest. When lying is addressed in the Quran, it is nearly always in reference to the “lies against Allah”, referring to the Jews and Christians who rejected Muhammad’s claim of being a prophet.
With the recent development of internet and social media, Islamic scripture has been easily accessible for everyone. This is of great embarrassment for the genuine peace loving Muslim. Great lengths have gone to conceal the true nature of Islam and the Sharia. The Jihad of deceit, has become a valuable commodity for the advancement of Islam. This is only deflected by sharing the knowledge and understanding of the true nature of Islam.