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Islamic-Texts

  • Summary: 

    One of the most frequently quoted Quranic verses is chapter 9 verse 5. This verse is known as "The Verse of the Sword." Muslim terrorists cite it to justify their violent jihad. Correspondingly, critics of Islam claim that it commands Muslims to act with offensive aggression towards the non-Muslims of that period, and contributes to Islam’s final theological doctrine of aggression towards all non-Muslims of all times. Apologists for Islam claim that 9:5 is purely defensive. Which side is right?

    As the Islamic source materials are examined it will become evident that verse 9:5 is part of the theology of jihad and is meant to be both offensive and defensive. It is directed against Pagans living both near to and far away from Muhammad.

    Understanding 9:5 in context requires an examination of the passage in which it is found. This passage consists of 29 to 41 verses or so (depending on which scholar’s view you hold). Because of time and space constraints however, I will only review the first 8 or so verses. I believe that they set the passage’s tone and belay its directives.

    Islam’s final theological position regarding the use of violence to further its domain does not rest upon one verse or passage. Rather the entire Quran, other Islamic source materials, and Muhammad’s actions and lifestyle (Sunnah) must be examined and evaluated. We’ll do that with a view toward Sura 9:5.

    I have attempted to keep this article focused on 9:5 within the broad theology of jihad. 9:5 is a foundational stone in the building of jihad and general aspects of jihad must be discussed. There is also the related topic of abrogation, but that has been dealt with elsewhere1, 2, 3, 4.

  • Summary: 

    The Sira is the life of Mohammed. There are three versions of the Sira given by three authors–Ibn Ishaq, al-Tabari, and Ibn Sa’d. They tell the same story, except for small details. Ishaq’s Sira is the oldest and the most authoritative.

    Ishaq’s Sira is a large book that starts with a history of Arabia before Mohammed. The overwhelmingly important part of the book is the story of Mohammed as the prophet of Allah. He becomes a prophet on page 106, so that is where the story really begins. There are a 110 pages of notes at the end. The remaining 621 pages of text are about Mohammed as a prophet.

    When you read the Sira, you find that violence fills its pages. The first form of violence is verbal. After Mohammed’s first revelation, it only takes 12 pages until there is a fight and a Muslim bloodies a kafir. From that point on, Mohammed argues, threatens, curses, preaches, and condemns. So 98% of the text of Mohammed’s prophecy contains verbal violence against the  (unbelievers).

    Jihad starts 281 pages into his prophet-hood and it never stops for the next 409 pages. So 72% of the Sira’s report of his prophecy involves some form of jihad. Of course, the verbal abuse runs right along with the killing, torture, rape, theft, deceit and assassinations.

    The Sira is not only a biography, but also a sacred text that contains the model for the perfect Islamic life. Again and again the Koran directs every Muslim to imitate Mohammed’s every word and deed. The Sira contains Islam’s grand political strategy.

  • Summary: 

    According to a  published in 2009, public perceptions depend heavily on a few key factors. Pew’s Gregory Smith explained: “One of the most powerful factors shaping views of Islam is education,” he said. “Those Americans who have more education tend to be more favorable toward Muslim Americans and Islam than Americans with less education. Interestingly, age was also a good predictor of views of Muslim Americans and Islam, with young people tend to be more favorable than were older people.”

    ...

    People who dare to disclose the true nature of Islam run the risk of being castigated as bigots and hatemongers. Yet even a cursory examination of Islam’s history and Islamic texts conclusively proves the exact opposite of peacefulness. Islam was and continues to be a movement of unbridled violence. Islam was forced upon every people at the point of the sword and the imposition of backbreaking jaziyah (poll taxes) levied on those who were spared death and allowed to retain their religious beliefs. In addition to paying heavy jaziyah, the non-Muslims were treated, at best, as second class in their own homelands.

    ...

    A longstanding Islamic practice is to appear to be meek while weak and to assume despotic intolerant power when strong. The recent migration of Muslims to non-Islamic lands began as a seemingly harmless, even useful, trickle of cheap and much-needed labor. Before long, greater and greater numbers of Muslims deluged the new territories, and as they grew in numbers — by means of a high birth rate as well as new arrivals — Muslims began reverting to their intolerant ways, demanding legal status for Sharia (Islamic law), the draconian laws that resemble the laws of humanity’s barbaric past.

  • The Trilogy Project

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    Summary: 

    The Trilogy Project was developed to make Islam’s three sacred texts,  and  understandable to the ordinary person. It was based upon scientific principles and objective methods, so that any independent person could achieve the same results if they used the same methods.

    All Islamic doctrine is based on words of Allah and the Sunna (words and actions) of Mohammed. Allah is found in the  and Mohammed is found in the  (biography) and the  (traditions). All of Islam is based on , and . If it is in the Trilogy, it is Islam. If it is not in the Trilogy, then it is not Islam. To know Islam, know the Trilogy.

    The problem in knowing the Trilogy is that the  , and  were designed to be difficult to understand. There is only one way for them to be understood — they must be viewed as a systemic whole, not three separate books.

    The CSPI books had to be fact-based and self-authenticating. In a sense, each book had to be a map to the original text. Nearly every paragraph in the CSPI book series has a reference number that allows the reader to go to the source text and verify what is written. If you don’t believe it or want more details, you can go the reference number and read the original.

    Here are some of the topics that have been studied:












  • The Risala : A Treatise on Maliki Fiqh

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    The Risala - Maliki Fiqh(Law)
    Summary: 

    The author of ar-Risala

    Abu Muhammad 'Abdullah ibn Abi Zayd was one of the people North Africa. Abu Zayd's name was 'Abdu'r-Rahman according to Ibn Makula and Qadi Ibn alHadhdha'. He was from the tribe of Nifza and lived in Qayrawan.

    His position in knowledge

    He was the Imam of the Malikis in his time and their model. He had a comprehensive grasp of the school of Malik and explained his statements. He had extensive knowledge and a prodiguous memory and transmission. His books are ample testimony of that. His writing was fluent, clarifying and defining what he said. He defended the school of Malik and established evidence in its support. He knew how to refute the people of sects. In addition to his writing, he was very righteous, scrupulousness and chastity. He obtained leadership in the deen and this world. and people from all regions travelled to visit him. His companions were noble and many people took knowledge from him. He composed a summary of the school and undertook to spread it and defend it. His books filled the lands and were well-known to most of its people.

  • Country: 
    Germany
    News Date: 
    15/09/2018
    Summary: 

    A new book that is highly critical of Islam is now the number one bestselling non-fiction book in Germany, selling well over 100,000 copies less than two weeks after its initial release.

  • Summary: 

    Precise language is necessary for critical thought. The use of the word "terror" instead of jihad is an example of using the wrong word. Jihad is the word that Islamic texts use and it is accurate. Probably the worst artificial phrase to be minted is "combating violent extremism". It sounds like it is straight from the novel, 1984. We need to use the words that come from Islam to describe Muslims' actions and thoughts.

  • Country: 
    Denmark
    News Date: 
    10/10/2015
    Summary: 

    Muslims in Denmark have begun to place more emphasis on their religion and religious practices. It shows a poll among Danish Muslims, which Wilke has made for Jyllands Posten, which is comparable to a similar measurement almost 10 years ago in 2006. At that time it was 37 per cent, which asked five times or more daily. Now it's exactly half, 50 per cent. Similarly, an increasing share - 77 per cent. - that the Quran's instructions should be fully followed by 62 per cent in 2006.

  • Country: 
    France
    News Date: 
    21/04/2018
    Summary: 

    "Anti-Semitism is not the business of the Jews, it is everyone's business. The French, whose democratic maturity has been measured after each Islamist attack, are living a tragic paradox. Their country has become the theater of deadly anti-Semitism. This terror spreads, provoking both popular condemnation and a media silence that the recent white march has helped break.

  • Country: 
    France
    News Date: 
    03/05/2018
    Summary: 

     published in the French daily Le Parisien on April 21—signed by some 300 prominent intellectuals and politicians, including former President Nicolas Sarkozy and former Prime Minister Manuel Valls—made a shocking demand.

  • Summary: 

    The words of Allah, may He be exalted (interpretation of the meaning): “There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path” [al-Baqrah 2:256] are not contrary to the command to fight the mushrikeen who turn people away from the religion of Allah, cause mischief on earth and spread kufr, shirk and corruption. Fighting them is one of the greatest deeds by means of which people prosper on earth and enjoy safety and stability, as Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning): “And fight them until there is no more Fitnah (disbelief and polytheism: i.e. worshipping others besides Allah) and the religion (worship) will all be for Allah Alone” [al-Anfaal 8:39]

    Islam aims to achieve that which is in people’s interests and to protect them from that which is harmful to them. 

    The meaning of this verse is that the teachings of Islam are very clear and the proof and evidence of its soundness are so clear and definitive that there is no need for compulsion. Whoever comes to know the reality of Islam and is not stubborn or arrogant will enter Islam willingly. Rather the one who does not want to enter it is the one who is arrogant and stubborn, who does not accept Allah as his Lord or His Prophet as his messenger, and does not believe in the Book that was revealed to him. For that reason, those mushrikeen who adhere to their false religion and fight in support of their religion out of arrogance and seek to spread mischief and kufr on earth are to be fought. 

  • Country: 
    United Kingdom (UK)
    News Date: 
    06/06/2018
    Summary: 

    More than 95 per cent of deradicalisation programmes are ineffective, according to a study commissioned by the Home Office that raises questions about the government’s Prevent programme. The study revealed failures in the approach to deradicalisation in schools, youth centres, sports clubs and English-language classes. The Behavioural Insights Team (BIT), the so-called nudge unit formerly part of the Cabinet Office, examined 33 deradicalisation programmes across the country designed to safeguard vulnerable people from far-right and religious extremist threats. The Times&n

  • Muslim Beliefs and Practices

  • A NEW GLOBAL METRIC OF MUSLIM BELIEFS AND PRACTICES

  • The Life of Mohammed: The Sira: A Taste of Islam

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    Summary: 

    The Life of Mohammed: The Sira is a condensed version of the biography of Mohammed, a man who became the first ruler of a united Arabia and laid the foundation for the empire of Islam. The Sira is not just a biography but it is also a sacred Islamic text of how devout Muslims should conduct their life. 

    Mohammed's life is an epic story. He was an orphan who rose from poverty to become the first ruler of all of Arabia. He created a new religion, new methods of war, and a new political system, including a legal code, the Sharia. 

    Mohammed was the world's greatest warrior. Today no one wages war in the name of Caesar, Alexander the Great, Napoleon, or any other military leader. However, every year many people die because of Mohammed. After 1400 years, Islam is still a powerful force in our world. Mohammed said that one day all of the world would live under his rule of law, the Sharia. 

    To understand Islam, you must know the life of Mohammed. The Koran commands that every Muslim is to live a life identical to his. The religion of Islam is about worshiping Allah exactly as Mohammed did. 

    The Life of Mohammed: The Sira is a unique book that provides a concise taste of Islam and is completely authoritative. The reference system allows you to verify all information in the source texts.

  • Summary: 
    • Egyptian intellectual Dr. Khaled Montaser referred to the "scientific-miraculous" nature of the Quran (i'jaz) as a "great delusion" and "an anesthetic or a nice sedative" for the Arabs and the Muslims.

    • "Where does extremism come from? People, we must admit -- as our president has often said -- that there are elements in our books of heritage that incite to this. We must admit this." — Dr. Khaled Montaser.

    • Montaser's harsh criticism should be understood as a call, similar to that of other caring Muslims "trying to fix this," not to abandon Islam, but to modernize or risk remaining "at the tail end of all the nations."

  • Country: 
    France
    News Date: 
    04/05/2018
    Summary: 
    • Manifesto called for passages of Koran to be removed amid rising anti-Semitism
    • Open letter said verses calling for 'murder and punishment of Jews, Christians and disbelievers' should be deleted on the grounds that they are 'obsolete'
    • It has sparked anger among Muslim leaders who say it subjects French Islam 'to an unbelievable and unfair trial'

    •  
  • Summary: 
    • I have lived for years in these places in the Middle East and seen with my own eyes the cruelty and abuse that takes place under extremist Islamic law. I have heard the screams of families as their loved ones were tortured and slaughtered for the simplest acts -- singing, dancing, voicing an opinion, or simply being a non-Muslim -- all of which are crimes.

    • If we play the game of misinforming and misleading people about Islamism, by making irrelevant analogies to whitewash the violence and terrorism which are generated by Islamic fundamentalism, we are indoctrinating the literally millions of innocent children who will be either the perpetrators or victims of the next radical Islamic terror attacks -- including Muslims.

    • Meanwhile the real scholars of Islam, such as Robert Spencer, who are trying to warn the public about these apologists, are called "Islamophobes," poisoned, often fired from work, censored on social media and barred from entering democratic countries such as Britain.

  • Tafsir Ibn Kathir

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    Author(s):

  • Summary: 

    See also: 

    Note: The Hadith reference links have been changed to a new source because UCL have removed their hadith collection from public access.

    As a side note, this statement is a third party report. We do not have the exact words of Muhammad to evaluate them at this point. Yet there is a narration in Sunan Abu Dawud where Muhammad is directly quoted:

    Narrated Rabah ibn Rabi':
    When we were with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) on an expedition, he saw some people collected together over something and sent a man and said: See, what are these people collected around? He then came and said: They are round a woman who has been killed. He said: This is not one with whom fighting should have taken place. Khalid ibn al-Walid was in charge of the van; so he sent a man and said: Tell Khalid not to kill a woman or a hired servant. (Sunan Abu Dawud, Book 14, )

    HOWEVER, there are certain other narrations that permit the killing of women and children, specifically during Muslim raids where they attack unsuspecting victims at night:

    Narrated As-Sab bin Jaththama:
    The Prophet passed by me at a place called Al-Abwa or Waddan, and was asked whether it was permissible to attack the pagan warriors at night with the probability of exposing their women and children to danger. The Prophet replied, "They (i.e. women and children) are from them (i.e. pagans)." I also heard the Prophet saying, "The institution of Hima is invalid except for Allah and His Apostle." (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 52, )

    I.e., they are all the same—both the women and children are nothing more than pagans! The above narration is repeated in several, different hadith collections:

    Chapter 9: PERMISSIBILITY OF KILLING WOMEN AND CHILDREN IN THE NIGHT RAIDS, PROVIDED IT IS NOT DELIBERATE

    It is reported on the authority of Sa'b b. Jaththama that the Prophet of Allah (may peace be upon him), when asked about the women and children of the polytheists being killed during the night raid, said: They are from them. (Sahih Muslim, Book 019,)

    Keep in mind that the subheading is not part of the narration, it is added by the collector of the hadiths. In other words, the statement regarding the killing of women and children being permissible as long as it isn’t deliberate is not part of the narration. The hadiths do not explicitly say this, and yet the compiler assumed that this was the clear implication and meaning of these narrations.

    It is narrated by Sa'b b. Jaththama that he said (to the Holy Prophet): Messenger of Allah, we kill the children of the polytheists during the night raids. He said: They are from them. (Sahih Muslim, Book 019, )

    Sa'b b. Jaththama has narrated that the Prophet (may peace be upon him) asked: What about the children of polytheists killed by the cavalry during the night raid? He said: They are from them. (Sahih Muslim, Book 019,)

    ...

    Furthermore, Islamic sources provide many examples where Muslims deliberately and brutally killed women and children. Noted Islamic commentator and historian Al-Tabari mentioned one:

    In this year a raiding party led by Zayd b. Harithah set out against Umm Qirfah in the month of Ramadan. During it, Umm Qirfah (Fatimah bt. Rabi‘ah b. Badr) suffered a cruel death. He tied her legs with rope and then tied her between two camels until they split her in two. She was a very old woman.

    Her story is as follows. According to Ibn Humayd – Salamah – Ibn Ishaq – ‘Abdallah b. Abi Bakr, who said: The Messenger of God sent Zayd b. Harithah to Wadi al-Qura, where he encountered the Banu Fazarah. Some of his companions were killed there, and Zayd was carried away wounded from among the slain. One of those killed was Ward b. ‘Amr, one of the Banu Sa‘d b. Hudhaym: he was killed by one of the Banu Badr [b. Fazarah]. When Zayd returned, he vowed that no washing [to cleanse him] from impurity should touch his head until he had raided the Fazarah. After he recovered from his wounds, the Messenger of God sent him with an army against the Banu Fazarah. He met them in Wadi al-Qura and inflicted causalities on them. Qays b. al-Musahhar al-Ya‘muri killed Mas‘adah b. Hakamah b. Malik b. Badr and took Umm Qirfah prisoner. (Her name was Fatimah bt. Rabi‘ah b. Badr. She was married to Malik b. Hudhayfah b. Badr. She was a very old woman.) He also took one of Umm Qirfah’ daughters and ‘Abdallah b. Mas‘adah prisoner. Zayd b. Harithah ordered Qays to kill Umm Qirfah, and he killed her cruelly. He tied each of her legs with a rope and tied the ropes to two camels, and they split her in two. Then they brought Umm Qirfah’s daughter and ‘Abdallah b. Mas‘adah to the Messenger of God. Umm Qirfah’s daughter belonged to Salamah b. ‘Amr b. al-Akwa‘, who had taken her - she was a member of a distinguished family among her people: the Arabs used to say, "Had you been more powerful than Umm Qirfah, you could have done no more." The Messenger of God asked Salamah for her, and Salamah gave her to him. He then gave her to his maternal uncle, Hazn b. Abi Wahb and she bore him ‘Abd al-Rahman b. Hazn. (The History of Al-Tabari: The Victory of Islam, translated by Michael Fishbein [State University of New York Press (SUNY), Albany 1997], Volume VIII, pp. 95-97)

    Al-Tabari also mentioned that Muhammad had the young boys of the Jewish tribe of Banu Qurayzah beheaded:

    The Messenger of God had commanded that all of them who had reached puberty should be killed. (The History of Al-Tabari, Volume VIII, p. 38)

    ...

    Not only were the young boys of the tribe beheaded, but the Muslims also beheaded one of their women:

    According to Ibn Ishaq, the conquest of the Banu Qurayzah took place in the month of Dhu al-Qa‘dah or in the beginning of Dhu al-Hijjah. Al-Waqidi, however, said that the Messenger of God attacked them a few days before the end of Dhu al-Qa‘dah. He asserted that the Messenger of God commanded that furrows should be dug in the ground for the Banu Qurayzah. Then he sat down, and ‘Ali and al-Zubayr began cutting off their heads in his presence. He asserts that the woman whom the Prophet killed that day was named Bunanah, the wife of al-Hakam al-Qurazi- it was she who had killed Khallad b. Suwayd by throwing a milestone on him. The Messenger of God called for her and beheaded her in retaliation for Khallad b. Suwayd. (The History of Al-Tabari, Volume VIII, pp. 40-41)

    Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:
    No woman of Banu Qurayzah was killed except one. She was with me, talking and laughing on her back and belly (extremely), while the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was killing her people with the swords. Suddenly a man called her name: Where is so-and-so? She said: I. I asked: What is the matter with you? She said: I did a new act. She said: The man took her and beheaded her. She said: I will not forget that she was laughing extremely although she knew that she would be killed. (Sunan Abu Dawud, Book 15,)

    It doesn’t stop here. When Muhammad conquered Mecca he ordered the murder of a couple of singers solely because they had made fun of him in song!

    Also among them was ‘Abdallah b. Khatal, a member of the Banu Taym b. Ghalib. The Messenger of God ordered that he should be killed only for the following reason: He was a Muslim, and the Messenger of God sent him to collect alms, sending with him one of the Ansar. With him went a mawla of his, also a Muslim, to serve him. He halted at a resting place and commanded the mawla to slaughter him a goat and make him a meal; then he went to sleep. When he woke up, the mawla had done nothing for him; so he attacked him and killed him. He had two singing girls, Fartana and another with her. The two used to sing satire about the Messenger of God; so the latter commanded that the two of them should be killed along with him…

    Also among them were ‘Ikrimah b. Abi Jahl and Sarah, a mawla of one of the sons of ‘Abd al-Muttalib. She was one of those who used to molest the Messenger of God in Mecca…

  • Country: 
    Malaysia
    News Date: 
    14/02/2018
    Summary: 

    The child had various injuries on her body, including a punctured intestine, damaged liver and broken ribs. Some reports stated that Nur Aina was subjected to a commando-like routine by the suspect, who is her biological father. This included doing push-ups, sit-ups, rollovers and squats.

  • Muhammad Messenger of Allah (Ash-shifa) by Qadi Iyad

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    Summary: 

    Page 329:

    The judgment regarding someone who maligns the Prophet without deliberation or really believing what he has said We have already discussed killing the person who, with intent, curses the Prophet, belittles him or slights him in any way. The judgement in this case is clear. The second case concerns when it is necessary to clarify what someone has said. This applies to someone who speaks about the Prophet without intending to curse or belittle him and not believing his words to be true, but who nonetheless speaks about the Prophet using words of disbelief which curse him, revile him or call him a liar or ascribe to him something that is not permitted or deny one of his necessary attributes, all of which constitutes disparagement in respect of him. For instance, he might ascribe a major wrong action to the Prophet, or say that he had failed to convey the message or had fallen short in a judgement between people or he might lower his rank, the honour of his lineage, the extent of his knowledge or his asceticism, or deny a famous matter reported from him which has come by many paths of transmission with the intention of refuting the report, or say something insolent and ugly or of a cursing nature in respect of him. However, the state of this individual indicates that he does not mean to censure the Prophet nor to curse him but that ignorance, discontent, drunkenness, carelessness, arrogance or hasty speech has led him to say what he has said. The judgement in this case is the same judgement as that applied to the first individual. Such a person is killed without hesitation since no one is excused for disbelief by ignorance or by claiming a slip of the tongue or by any of the things which we have mentioned if his intellect is basically sound. The only exception is when someone is forced to do it while his heart is at rest in belief.

  • Summary: 

    What is authentic Islam? This is a question that Muslims may disagree about too, but it certainly is valid to consider the life of Muhammad, the founder of Islam. In fact, any definition of Islam that excludes Muhammad is false. The earliest biography (sirat) of Muhammad's life is the work of Ibn Ishaq (85-151 A.H.) who was born in Medina. In this we learn how Muhammad dealt with those who opposed him. Here are two examples.

    SALIM B. `UMAYR'S EXPEDITION TO KILL ABU `AFAK

    Abu `Afak was one of B. (tribe) `Amr b. `Auf of the B. `Ubayda clan. He showed his disaffection when the apostle killed al-Harith b. Samit and said:

    Long have I lived but never have I seen
    An assembly or collection of people
    More faithful to their undertaking
    And their allies when called upon
    Than the sons of Qayla when they assembled,
    Men who overthrew mountains and never submitted.
    A rider who came to them split them in two (saying)
    "Permitted", "Forbidden" of all sorts of things.
    Had you believed in glory or kingship
    You would have followed Tubba`.

    The apostle said, "Who will deal with this rascal for me?" Whereupon Salim b. `Umayr, brother of B. `Amr b. `Auf one of the "weepers", went forth and killed him. Umama b. Muzayriya said concerning that:

    You gave the lie to God's religion and the man Ahmad!
    By him who was your father, evil is the son he produced!
    hanif gave you a thrust in the night saying
    "Take that Abu `Afak in spite of your age!"
    Though I knew whether it was man or jinn
    Who slew you in the dead of night (I would say naught)

    (Ibn Ishaq, Sirat Rasul Allah, translated as, The Life of Muhammad, (tr. A. Guillaume), Karachi: Oxford University Press, 1998, p. 675.)

    Here we read of public opposition to Muhammad. Muhammad had killed a leading person in a particularly tribe. Abu `Afak, was a member of this tribe, and an old man, he spoke out against Muhammad and encouraged his tribe to resist him. When his actions were brought to Muhammad's attention Muhammad's response was simple, he said, "Who will deal with this rascal for me?" Salim b. `Umayr fulfilled Muhammad's wishes by killing Abu `Afak.

    Ibn Ishaq's account continues with another example:

    `UMAYR B. `ADIY'S JOURNEY TO KILL `ASMA D. MARWAN

    She was of B. Umayya b. Zayd. When Abu `Afak had been killed she displayed disaffection. `Abdullah b. al-Harith b. al-Fudayl from his father said that she was married to a man of B. Khatma called Yazid b. Zayd. Blaming Islam and its followers she said:

    I despise B. Malik and al-Nabit
    And `Auf and B. al-Khazraj.
    You obey a stranger who is none of yours,
    One not of Murad or Madhhij.
    Do you expect good from him after the killing of your chiefs
    Like a hungry man waiting for a cook's broth?
    Is there no man of pride who would attack him by surprise
    And cut off the hopes of those who expect aught from him?

    Hassan b. Thabit answered her:

    Banu Wa'il and B. Waqif and Khatma
    Are inferior to B. al-Khazraj.
    When she called for folly woe to her in her weeping,
    For death is coming.
    She stirred up a man of glorious origin,
    Noble in his going out and his coming in.
    Before midnight he dyed her in her blood
    And incurred no guilt thereby.

    When the apostle heard what she had said he said, "Who will rid me of Marwan's daughter?" `Umayr b. `Adiy al-Khatmi who was with him heard him, and that very night he went to her house and killed her. In the morning he came to the apostle and told him what he had done and he said, "You have helped God and His apostle, O `Umayr!" When he asked if he would have to bear any evil consequences the apostle said, "Two goats won't butt their heads about her," so `Umayr went back to his people.

    Now there was a great commotion among B. Khatma that day about the affair of Bint Marwan. She had five sons, and when `Umayr went to them from the apostle he said, "I have killed Bint Marwan, O sons of Khatma. Withstand me if you can; don't keep me waiting." That was the first day that Islam became powerful among B. Khatma; before that those who were Muslims concealed the fact. The first of them to accept Islam was `Umayr b. `Adiy who was called "the Reader", and `Abdullah b. Aus and Khuzayma b. Thabit. The day after Bint Marwan was killed the men of B. Khatma became Muslims because they saw the power of Islam. (Ibn Ishaq, pp. 675-676.)

    After the killing of Abu `Afak another person dared to publicly speak out against Muhammad. Her name was `Asma bint Marwan. Again we see how Muhammad dealt with opposition. He asked, "Who will rid me of Marwan's daughter?" `Umayr b. `Adiy al-Khatmi fulfilled Muhammad's wishes by killing `Asma at night.

    There are several interesting observations from these events. The first is about Muhammad's character. Muhammad was the type of man who used assassinations to remove opposition. Whether it was an old man like Abu `Afak, or a woman like `Asma bint Marwan, if they opposed him he had them dealt with. There are more examples of Muhammad doing this [1] and he also used torture [2]. In this regard Muhammad is just like most rulers who have used murder and intimidation to establish their rule. It is no wonder that as Muhammad conquered he said:

    I extend to you the invitation to accept Islam. Embrace Islam and you will be safe. (Sahih Muslim, book 19, number 4380) [3]

    How can Muslims say Muhammad was a man of peace when he established his rule like this and gave this type of example?

    Secondly, it shows us one way in which Islam spread to the early Arab tribes. The account specifically says that after these two murders, "Islam became powerful among B. (the tribe of) Khatma". In fact, "The day after Bint Marwan was killed ... (the tribe of) Khatma became Muslims because they saw the power of Islam." What was the "power of Islam" they saw? It was the power to kill its opponents. In this case Islam clearly spread by fear and intimidation, and Muhammad approved of this.

    Theo Van Gogh publicly spoke out against Islam and he was murdered in much the same way as Abu `Afak and `Asma bint Marwan. I believe, and hope, that most Muslims disapprove of Van Gogh's murder, but if we consider the founder of Islam we see that this is how he dealt with those who opposed him. This is not an example we should follow. It is a weak man who has to kill those who speak against him. If you really want to know about the wisdom of peace that can deal with opposition without killing them, then may I suggest you read .

     

     

     

    Endnotes

    [1] Other examples of Muhammad having his opponents assassinated or approving of their murder:

    [2] Read about 
    [3] For otther examples see 

  • Summary: 

    Those who promote Islam often do so by proclaiming how wonderful Muhammad was and what a great example his life is to humanity today. Through speaking to many Muslims and non-Muslims about Muhammad it has become clear to me that most of them have never read the original documents on his life, and they are unaware of many things he did. One of these is Muhammad's use of torture.

    The earliest biography (sirat) of Muhammad's life is the work of Ibn Ishaq (85-151 A.H.) who was born in Medina. In this we learn of Muhammad's actions after he had conquered the towns of Khaybar. This event is also accepted and recorded by Ibn Kathir [1].

    THE REST OF THE AFFAIR OF KHAYBAR

    Kinana b. al-Rabi`, who had the custody of the treasure of B. al-Nadir, was brought to the apostle who asked him about it. He denied that he knew where it was. A Jew came (T. was brought) to the apostle and said that he had seen Kinana going round a certain ruin every morning early. When the apostle said to Kinana, "Do you know that if we find you have it I shall kill you?" he said Yes. The apostle gave orders that the ruin was to be excavated and some of the treasure was found. When he asked him about the rest he refused to produce it, so the apostle gave orders to al-Zubayr b. al-`Awwam, "Torture him until you extract what he has," so he kindled a fire with flint and steel on his chest until he was nearly dead. Then the apostle delivered him to Muhammad b. Maslama and he struck off his head, in revenge for his brother Mahmud. (Ibn Ishaq, Sirat Rasul Allah, translated as, The Life of Muhammad, (tr. A. Guillaume), Karachi: Oxford University Press, 1998, p. 515.)

    This action of Muhammad teaches us a very important point about his character. He was the type of man who used torture to achieve his goals. In this case he wanted the treasure of the tribe of al-Nadir. The custodian of the treasure would not give it to him, therefore Muhammad gave the order to have him tortured. Muhammad's companions knew how to torture someone and proceeded to do so. This is the type of man Muhammad was. He could be merciful and forgiving if he wanted to be, but he could also have someone tortured for money to expand his empire. In this regard Muhammad is like ordinary kings and dictators throughout human history.

    Further Reading
    Read about  to spread Islam.

  • Summary: 

    Saudi cleric  made the following “observations” which aired on , September 12, 2008:

    Studies conducted in Tel Aviv and in the Palestinian lands occupied by the Jews showed that they plant trees around their homes, because the Prophet Muhammad said that when the Muslims fight the Jews, each and every stone and tree will say: “Oh Muslim, oh servant of Allah, there is a Jew behind me, come and kill him.” The only exception is the gharqad tree, which is one of the trees of the Jews, and if they hide behind it, it will not reveal their presence. According to reports of people who went there and saw it with their own eyes, man Jews plant gharqad trees around their homes, so that when the fighting begins, they can hide behind them. They are not man enough to stand and fight you.

    Muslim Waffen SS soldiers reading a pamphlet by the Mufti of Jerusalem Haj-Amin el-Husseini. From Jennie Lebel’s 2007 biography of the Mufti.

  • Country: 
    United Kingdom (UK)
    News Date: 
    16/01/2018
    Summary: 

    An Islamic primary school had books written by an extremist who has been expelled from the UK after being told to remove them, an Ofsted report has found. The Olive Tree Primary School, a private Islamic school in Luton, claimed it had removed the “unsuitable books” which did not promote British values earlier this year. However, at its most recent inspection, the books were still available at the school.

  • Country: 
    Bangladesh
    News Date: 
    13/01/2018
    Summary: 

    A man has been detained in Sonargaon, Narayanganj for reportedly posting on Facebook several photos defaming the Quran. Hasan-ul-Islam, 28, of East Delpara at Fatulla, was picked up from Meghnaghat area on Friday night, said Narayanganj’s Additional Superintendent of Police Md Sharfuddin. According to police, Hasan posted the photos on the social networking site on January 7 which went viral soon, causing stir on social media, and created tension among the locals. After the Jummah prayers Friday, the Muslim community of the area had demonstrated demanding his arrest and punis

  • Summary: 

    On this new edition of The Glazov Gang, we feature Anni Cyrus discussing My Bruised Eye As a Child Under Islam, where she shares how her Muslim father kept beating her — instead of killing her — for questioning the Hijab, the Qur’an and Islamic child marriage.

  • Country: 
    Norway
    News Date: 
    27/12/2017
    Summary: 

    The Norwegian police have raised concerns about the ongoing radicalization process in so-called ‘Quran schools' in Somalia, where kids from immigrant families residing in the Nordic country are sent, often against their will, by parents to avoid being "westernized."

  • Country: 
    Indonesia
    News Date: 
    15/12/2017
    Summary: 

    A Protestant pastor in Indonesia is facing a blasphemy charge over his remarks about the Quran during his conversation with a taxi driver. Reverend Abraham Ben Moses, 52, was arrested after he was seen in a video in which he quoted the Quran on marriage and told the taxi driver that the Islamic prophet Muhammad was inconsistent in his teachings. According to , the pastor was also heard in

  • Summary: 

    Beheadings in the hadiths of Bukhari Nine (9) references

    Beheadings in the Sira -- The Life of Mohammed, A. Guillaume, Oxford University Press, 1982 Forty-one (41) references

    Beheadings in the Koran One (1) reference

  • Summary: 

    Because Islam gets criticized for many things — from hostility to modernity and democracy to calls for theocratic rule, radical “patriarchy,” misogyny, and draconian punishments, to name a few — it is helpful to step back and distinguish between those (many) doctrines that affect Muslim society alone, and those that extend to and affect Western or non-Muslim peoples in general. On doing this, three interrelated doctrines come into sharp focus. They are: 1) total disavowal from, and enmity for, “the infidel,” that is, constant spiritual or metaphysical hostility against the non-Muslim (in Arabic known as al-wala’ w’al bara, or “”); this naturally manifests itself as 2) jihad, that is, physical hostility against and — whenever and wherever possible — attempts to subjugate the non-Muslim); finally, successful jihads lead to 3) dhimmitude, the degrading position of conquered non-Muslims who refuse to forfeit their religious freedom by converting to the victor’s creed.

  • Summary: 
    • "In Western countries, dawa aims both to convert non-Muslims to political Islam and to bring about more extreme views among existing Muslims. The ultimate goal of dawa is to destroy the political institutions of a free society and replace them with strict sharia." — Ayaan Hirsi Ali in her book, The Challenge of Dawa: Political Islam as Ideology and Movement and How to Counter It.

    • The ultimate goal of establishing an Islamic state in the United States could hardly be much clearer. The pretense of caring for "diversity" and "inclusion" that ICNA displays on its public website cannot be characterized as anything other than an attempt at dissimulation, as is the stated goal of "establishing a place for Islam in America."

    • If Western leadership is unable to fathom the danger posed by organizations such as Tablighi Jamaat, iERA and ICNA, and, according to critics, others such as CAIR and ISNA -- let alone do something about it, instead of endlessly obsessing over "Islamophobia" -- Qaradawi could be proven right.

    Admin: See also 

  • The Challenge of Dawa: Political Islam as Ideology and Movement and How to Counter It

    Image: 

    Author(s):

    Summary: 

    I argue that the American public urgently needs to be educated about both the ideology of political Islam and the organizational infrastructure called dawa that Islamists use to inspire, indoctrinate, recruit, finance, and mobilize those Muslims whom they win over to their cause.

    There is no point in denying that this ideology has its foundation in Islamic doctrine.3 However, “Islam,” “Islamism,” and “Muslims” are distinct concepts. Not all Muslims are Islamists, let alone violent, though all Islamists—including those who use violence—are Muslims. I believe the religion of Islam itself is indeed capable of reformation, if only to distinguish it more clearly from the political ideology of Islamism. But that task of reform can only be carried out by Muslims. Happily, there is a growing number of reformist Muslims. Part of the Trump administration’s strategy must be to support and empower them.

    The other part of the strategy requires confronting dawa, a term unfamiliar to Americans. Dawa as practiced by radical Islamists employs a wide range of mechanisms to advance their goal of imposing Islamic law (sharia) on society. This includes proselytizing but extends beyond that.4 In Western countries, dawa aims both to convert non-Muslims to political Islam and to instill Islamist views in existing Muslims.5The ultimate goal of dawa is to destroy the political institutions of a free society and replace them with the rule of sharia law.

    Admin: Islam may be reformable although evidence for that happening is rather thin on the ground. What is certain is that the West must not be piggy-in-the-middle whilst various factions of Islam fight about reform.

     

  • Summary: 

    All Muslims share the same Islam. The establishment is always telling us that there are good, moderate Muslims and extremist, jihadist Muslims and that the two different kinds have nothing in common with each other. Wrong. What all Muslims have in common is the same Koran, the same prayers, the same Sunna of Mohammed and being a member of one umma (Islamic community). Indeed, the Koran tells us that the jihadist is a better Muslim than the moderate Muslim.

  • Country: 
    China
    News Date: 
    28/09/2017
    Summary: 
    • Authorities in Xinjiang have ordered Muslim families to hand in religious items
    • Ethnic minority neighbourhoods will face harsh punishment if they are found 
    • China has revised its regulation on religious affairs in a bid to reduce extremism
  • Summary: 

    Most people living in Belgium assume that Islam is a religion like any other, that brings a mostly spiritual message to which each adherent tries to live up as well as possible. They are mistaken. Islam deeply permeates the daily life and social interactions of a Muslim. It is true, as Muslims tend to say, that Islam is an all-encompassing system, that at least includes the following human activities:

     

    q

    CULTURE: the way in which people perform daily routines: e.g. how one should greet the other, who should greet first, personal hygiene (showering, toilet, …), how to eat and drink, how to treat guests, …

     

    q

    SOCIAL SYSTEM: Islam determines the relationship of the Muslim with other Muslims and Muslimas, with those of different religions, with slaves (Islam did not abolish slavery), …  

     

    q

    LEGAL SYSTEM: a good part of what a society needs in legislation, such as family law, inheritance law, property law, transactions, contracts, legislation regarding slaves, … is provided for by the Qur’an and the traditions/Hadith of Muhammad. Believers can only make new laws for matters that are not provided for in the Qur’an and the Hadith.

     

    q

    RELIGION: rules for prayer, fasting, making the pilgrimage to Mecca, almsgiving to the poor, being good to your parents and fellow Muslims, …

     

    q

    MILITARY: The last 10 years of his life, Muhammad was constantly at war. His successors have continued this permanent state of war. So, the Qur’an contains quite a lot of rules pertaining to war, and these are an integral part of Islamic law. The ideology of Jihad, waging war to protect Islam and to spread it, sometimes called “holy war”, is very well-developed and is a part of Islamic law. No other religion has such an elaborate war doctrine as Islam has.

     

    q

    JUDICIAL PROCEDURES: islamic scholars have compiled law books based on the Quran and the traditions of Muhammad. Quite a bit of attention is given to procedures of witnesses. Islam did not bring an organized judicial apparatus with procedures of defence, appeals, ... Muhammad himself was the judge and what he decided was executed. He even had people executed without putting them on trial. His successors have simply continued in the role of being a judge as well. Saudi Arabia tries to copy the situation that Muhammad instituted (or didn’t institute) as much as possible, resulting in a condition where in the 21st century they still don’t have a judiciary where the rights of citizens are protected. And they still carry out punishments that were common in the 7th century, but that are now regarded as abhorrent.

     

    q

    POLITICAL SYSTEM: in an Islamic system there is no separation of powers, all power (political, judicial, military, …) is in the hands of the Caliph or his representative. Citizens in this Islamic system must be unconditionally obedient to the Caliph, unless he deviates from Islamic law. The system of a Caliphate is a continuation of the principle that Muhammad held all power. One of the shortcomings of Muhammad is that he didn’t institute a system with elections or democratic representation, resulting in a lot of problems with his succession, especially the fourth Caliph, Ali. These problems caused the split between the Shiites and Sunnites.

  • Summary: 

    1. Sources. An article that fails to quote authentic Islamic sources is without value. For instance, many texts have been written on the concept of ‘Jihad’. Jihad is explained therein as a spiritual struggle. Generally, these texts tend to omit references to the generally recognized Islamic sources, since such ‘spiritual’ references are well nigh non-existent. In contrast, there exist hundreds of references depicting Jihad as a war against non-Muslims, in both a defensive and offensive sense.

    2 For or against Islam: identical sources.  You will not fail to note that articles severely critical of Islam are rife with quotes from the Koran and the authentic traditions passed on by Muhammad. In turn, articles in defence of Islam quote generously from the self-same sources to prove exactly the contrary. As a rule both versions make cogent points, for, indeed, what they proclaim stands written! You can choose material from the Koran and the authentic traditions, applying some creative interpretations of your own, to  back up just about any argument you wish to make. Here we see the Koran as a supermarket of ideas, and the gullible Muslim believer as the shopper whose shopping cart is loaded with products of his or her own choice. This has led us into a somewhat disturbing situation. We all are familiar with people who commit terror acts in the name of Islam. They volubly quote from the Koran to justify their acts. And on the other hand there are the peace loving Muslims,  coexisting harmoniously with ALL of their neighbours, irrespective of religion, race, appearance,  who also say they base their actions on the Koran...

    3 Abrogation. There is in Islam a principle called abrogation (nasikh wa mansukh in Arabic), both in the Koran and in the Hadith (pronouncements by Muhammad, the traditions as they have been handed down by him). This principle is used to explain away contradictions. For it does appear that there are contradictory instructions in both the Koran and the traditions. In principle, the instructions that were issued last are the valid ones; they cancel the ones prior to them. In general, articles with a positive view on Islam tend to quote the earlier passages, seeing that these are milder in tone. Critical (negative) articles tend to make references to the later passages, seeing that they are more militant and lean more towards violent behaviour. Islamic scholars, however, are agreed that only the later passages are valid. Since the principle of abrogation is truly important for our understanding of the Koran, we have devoted a separate page to this topic. See here.

    4 Context 1. Articles that are positive towards Islam tend to dismiss violent or hostile passages from the Koran as being contextual, i.e. only applicable to a given specific situation in the life of Muhammad; whereas positive passages from the Koran are interpreted as having general application. Naturally, the aim is to ease people’s minds and eventually persuade them to join Islam. However, a book that calls for hostile action and even contains warlike instructions (such as large sections of Surah 8 and 9) without making it clear that these instructions are no longer applicable, is a recipe for disaster. To Islamic scholars, all passages from the Koran contain a message, the mild as well as the violent ones. Moreover, their view on the milder verses in the Koran is generally not as positive as one would assume. What is striking is that these scholars generally hold to an interpretation of Islam that corresponds very closely to that of non-Muslims and ex-Muslims who are critical of it.

    5 Context 2. When studying Islam, one quickly notes that most of the Koran consists of revelations that followed on from specific events in the life of Muhammad: these events thus form the foundations of the message that Allah proclaims in the Koran. That is to say, the Koran cannot be compared with the stone tablets containing the ten commandments handed over to Moses, by which God passed on His law at that single and singular moment without regard to any attendant context. The fact that the Koran was revealed by way of concrete happenings does not, of course, mean that the message in the book is valid only in the context of those events; if that were so the Koran could be categorized as a historic work, leaving Muslims at liberty to disregard and dismiss it at their whim. That this is not so is proven by the death threats uttered against those who dare to criticize the Koran, as in the case of the Dutch Member of Parliament Geert Wilders. Muslims consider the Koran so holy and untouchable that any negative act or criticism directed against it, either physical or verbal, enrages them.

    6 Context 3. Violent passages in the Koran are, as mentioned, mostly tempered and toned down by making reference to their specific context. Without being explicit, their advocates tend to create the impression that if such passages are considered within their context, they will actually turn out to be far less violent, even peace-loving, or at least are representative of understandable or acceptable human behaviour. Nothing could be further from the truth – the context rather makes these passages appear even less palatable, and confirms the aggressive nature of the Koran verses in question. Apologists may try to excuse the violent character of these passages by reference to the fact that Muhammad had many enemies and was forced to defend himself. However, anyone who studies Muhammad’s biographies (books written by Muslims for Muslims) cannot escape the impression that the founding of Islam was accompanied by excessive violence, and that Muhammad shirked neither verbal nor physical abuse and assault. The least one can say is that Muhammad failed to spread his new religion in a peaceful and peaceable manner, with equanimity and acceptance of the “feelings and sensitivities of people that held other beliefs – the unbelievers”. This stands in stark contrast to the preachings and practices of, say, Jesus or the Buddha.

  • Summary: 

    Does the Quran show that Muhammad made up revelations in order to benefit himself and to respond to situations in his life or do we see it being the ultimate work of a creator from above?

  • Summary: 

    These are the main issues I found with Islam.  If you want to understand the real problems I found, start here.

    Reflections

    Dialogues and discussions I had after leaving Islam.  Some thoughts

    Rulings/Fiqh

    These are not why I left Islam.  They are reflections after leaving Islam.  Keep in mind that even if I was completely wrong about every single one of these, it would not make me come back to Islam.  As a Secular Humanist, I find these to be troubling issues we find and they seem to show that Allah is not the intelligent supreme being that sent us a beautiful wise religion but rather a 7th century invention with barbaric rules and orders that matched that early era but do not belong in today’s world.

    History

    Sometimes history is not what it seems

  • Summary: 

    Hadith as source of Islamic history

     

    Besides this, the Hadith is the source of the history of Islam. If we do not consider its reports to be reliable, we cannot believe with certainty that Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali -- may God be pleased with them -- were Companions of the Holy Prophet, who succeeded him in this order, and also died in this order. If Hadith is considered unreliable, then there is no evidence to definitely believe that these holy personages existed. It would be possible, in that case, that all these names were fictitious, and in fact there had not been an Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman or Ali, because according to Mr Ata Muhammad, the objector, all these traditions are isolated, and these names are not given in the Holy Quran. So according to this principle, they cannot be accepted as authentic. Similarly, the Holy Prophet Muhammad’s father having the name Abdullah, his mother having the name Amina, and his grandfather having the name Abdul Muttalib; one of his wives being called Khadija, one Aishah and one Hafsa, and his wet-nurse being called Halima; the Holy Prophet’s withdrawing to the cave of Hira for worship, the emigration of some of his Companions to Abyssinia, his staying in Makka for ten years after the Call, and then all those battles no mention of which is to be found in the Holy Quran -- all these facts are known only from Hadith. Should all of these be denied on the grounds that Hadith is not reliable? If this is true, Muslims would not be able to give any details of the life of the Holy Prophet, may peace and the blessings of God be upon him.

  • Summary: 

    A five-and-a-half minute clip from Al-Jazeera of an Arab-American psychologist (Wafa Sultan) delivering a devastating critique of Muslims and defense of Jews. Sounds like partisan bickering, but try to find a single comment she makes that you can disagree with. She does this within the framework of a debate with a muslim cleric, whose only argument is: "You're a heretic, so we don't have to listen to you."

  • Country: 
    Canada
    News Date: 
    18/07/2017
    Summary: 

    Muhammad bin Musa Al Nasr preached: “O Muslim, O servant of Allah, O Muslim, O servant of Allah, there is a Jew behind me, come and kill him.” That is why the arrest warrant has been issued.

    But this is a quotation that is attributed to Muhammad:

    “Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Messenger said, ‘The Hour will not be established until you fight with the Jews, and the stone behind which a Jew will be hiding will say. “O Muslim! There is a Jew hiding behind me, so kill him.”’” (Bukhari 4.52.177)

  • Summary: 

    The amount of lies about Islam by far right islamophobes has reached new heights this summer. These days the trend seems to be lying about the meaning of Jihad, saying the term often describes offensive warfare against non-Muslims. These sad individuals are not always your average Joe but are often people of eminence whose lies have been written down and sold to bookstores worldwide. We’ve decided to expose a few of the bigots who spread their fear of islam and hatred toward muslims by showing you what they’ve said and where to find their published works. Let’s make our voices public and get their writings banned in the name of freedom.[Sarcasm]

  • Country: 
    Saudi Arabia
    News Date: 
    05/07/2017
    Summary: 

    Saudi Arabia is the chief foreign promoter of Islamist extremism in the UK, a new report has claimed. The Henry Jackson Society said there was a "clear and growing link" between Islamist organisations in receipt of overseas funds, hate preachers and Jihadist groups promoting violence.

  • Country: 
    United Kingdom (UK)
    News Date: 
    01/07/2017
    Summary: 
    • A Student Union leader has claimed she would like to oppress white people
    • Zamzam Ibrahim was elected President of Salford's Student's Union
    • She has posted a number of highly controversial messages on social media 
    • Ms Ibrahim also opposes the government's anti-radicalisation Prevent strategy

    •  
  • Summary: 

    'Undercover Mosque' reveals how a message of hatred and segregation is being spread throughout the UK, inspired by Saudi Arabia, a country our government calls its principal ally in the Middle East.

  • Country: 
    Philippines (the)
    News Date: 
    28/06/2017
    Summary: 

    The Qur’an teaches that Infidel women can be lawfully taken for sexual use (cf. its allowance for a man to take “captives of the right hand,” 4:3, 4:24, 23:1-6, 33:50, 70:30). The Qur’an says: “O Prophet, tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to bring down over themselves of their outer garments. That is more suitable that they will be known and not be abused.

  • Wahhabism, Salafism and Islamism: Who Is The Enemy?

    Image: 
    Summary: 

    This essay constructs and deconstructs three main discourses created by different and opposing trends in modern Islamic thought that are normally and mistakenly lumped together as Islamism, fundamentalism, salafism, neo-salafism, Wahhabism, jihadism, political Islam, Islamic radicalism and others.

    .....

    Orthodox Sunni Muslims believe that they are the true bearers of pure Islam since the time of al-salaf and that they, therefore, have roots in al-salaf. They are represented however today by the four surviving authentic schools of Islamic jurisprudence: Hanafi, Shafi‘i, Maliki, and Hanbali schools (madhahib). This is on the one hand. On the other, the Wahhabis -- who claim to be the champion of Sunni Islam -- perceive the Sunnis as having been wrong for over ten centuries and have been living a state of pre-Islamic paganism (jahiliyya [literally, ignorance]) since they moved away from the way of al-salaf. They even accused the majority of orthodox Sunni Muslims who were living under the Ottoman caliphate and the caliphate itself of reprehensible innovation (bid‘a) and unbelief (kufr) because they had been living under a political system that is unknown to al-salaf .

    Admin: This is reminiscent of the "How many angels can dance on the head of a pin" debates in Christianity. The key issue for non-Muslims here is really the four schools of sharia law.

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