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It is extimated that between 140m and 180m people have been victims of Islamic slavery since Islam was founded.
Slavery is legal under Islamic sharia law: Tripoli’s London ambassador Abd al-Rahman to Thomas Jefferson & John Adams (1786) on by what right the Barbary States enslaved American seamen.
“It is written in the Quran that all Nations who should not have acknowledged their (Muslims’) authority were sinners; that it was their right and duty to make war upon whoever they could find and to make slaves of all they could take as prisoners; and that every Mussulman who should be slain in battle was sure to go to Paradise.”
Islamic slavery has been the most horrible, yet the least known slavery in history. So, author M. A. Khan decided to publish the chapter "Islamic Slavery" from his book "Islamic Jihad: A Legacy of Forced Conversion, Imperialism and Slavery". This part contains:
Also this view of early clashes between the fledgling USA and Islamic slavery: https://www.city-journal.org/html/jefferson-versus-muslim-pirates-13013.html
Also this translation of the section on slavery: https://mdharrismd.com/2015/03/03/translation-of-the-manual-of-islamic-sacred-law/
In the section entitled manumission (which is about all of slavery, not just about freeing slaves as the title would suggest), Keller did not translate sections K32.1, 32.2, 32.3 and 32.4. He wrote “the following four sections have been left untranslated (into English) because the issue is no longer current…” To his credit, he left the Arabic text in the book. With the increasing importance of the Shariah throughout the world, it should all be translated. After all, it is not clear that groups like ISIS consider any section in Islamic Sacred Law “not current”.
The earliest reference to people being enslaved in this list is 637AD following the capture of Ctesiphon in Persia where nearly 40,000 people were enslaved. Through enslavement of Hindus and others in India, through raiding the coasts of Europe (an estimated 1.25 million were taken between 1500-1800) to piracy and enslaving ship's crews in the Mediterranean. Islam has continued to enslave people up to the present day. ISIS and Boko Haram taking non-Muslim women as sex-slaves is just another chapter in Islam's black history.
Muhammad bought, sold, and captured slaves.
He bought slaves: “Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) reported: There came a slave and pledged allegiance to Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) on migration; he (the Holy Prophet) did not know that he was a slave. Then there came his master and demanded him back, whereupon Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: Sell him to me. And he bought him for two black slaves, and he did not afterwards take allegiance from anyone until he had asked him whether he was a slave (or a free man).” (Muslim 3901).
“Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah’s Apostle was on a journey and he had a black slave called Anjasha, and he was driving the camels (very fast, and there were women riding on those camels). Allah’s Apostle said, ‘Waihaka (May Allah be merciful to you), O Anjasha! Drive slowly (the camels) with the glass vessels (women)!’” (Bukhari 8.73.182).
Islamic clerics still support the taking of slaves and slavery as this excerpt from a TV interview broadcast on 9th March 2006 shows:
‘Today, too, if there’s a war between us and the infidels, we’ll take slaves. The ruling on slavery hasn’t expired and is eternal. We’ll take slaves and we’ll bring them to the world of Islam and have them stay with Muslims. We’ll guide them, make them Muslims and then return them to their countries.’